Philippines and Southeast Asian Studies

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SE1101E/GEK1008/SSA1202

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE FIRST EXAMINATION FOR THE DEGREE OF BA (Semester 2: 2010/2011)

SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES PROGRAMME SE1101E/GEK1008/SSA1202: SOUTHEAST ASIA: A CHANGING REGION

April/May 2011 – Time Allowed: 2 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES

1.

This examination paper consists of SEVEN questions and comprises TWO printed pages.

2.

You must answer a total of THREE (3) questions.

3.

In each of your answers, you must explain, discuss, and provide examples in responding to the chosen question as comprehensively and coherently as possible.

4.

Answers with well-articulated ideas on aspects of Southeast Asian power relations discussed during lectures are strongly encouraged.

SE1101E/GEK1008/SSA1202: Southeast Asia: A Changing Region

Page 2

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____ “Strong men”, such as Sukarno and Suharto (Indonesia), Ferdinand Marcos (Philippines) and Sarit Thanarat (Thailand), had ruled their Southeast Asian countries during the Cold War era. What were some bases of their political power?

1.

2.

Scholars often claim that women have retained a relatively high status in most parts of Southeast Asia. Do you agree with such a claim? Why? Discuss your answer using relevant examples of gender power from the region.

3.

How are state-sponsored projects like national census, mapping, and museum an expression of colonial power in Southeast Asia?

4.

Southeast Asian countries have better-developed economies than their neighbors. What are some factors that facilitate and hinder economic power in the region? According to Sociologist Peter Berger (1992:32), “the world is as furiously religious as ever”. Is this true in Southeast Asia? Discuss at least three ways in which religious power is conceived, expressed and institutionalized in the region.

5.

6.

Gender and sexuality are fundamentally about power relations. Why is...
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