Philippine Species

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Jonathan G. Misa ENSCI
BSHRM401

1. 10 common species in the philppine ( flora and fauna )
Sampaguita
The sampaguita is a small, white flower found in the swamps and forests of the Philippines. These flowers have soft, wide, paper-thin petals. The foliage is light green and the stems are thick. Many people use these flowers as decorations or garden plants. They are popular for weddings and special occasions. Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)

Langka is a smooth tree reaching a height of 8 to 15 meters. Leaves are alternate, leathery, elliptic-oblong to obovate, entire or sometimes 3-lobed, 7 to 15 centimeters long, the apex and base both pointed. Female heads are embraced by spathaceous, deciduous, stipular sheaths, 5 to 8 centimeters long. Sepals are two. Spike is 5 to 15 centimeters long. Fruit is green to greenish-yellow when ripe, fleshy, hanging on short stalks from the main stem or from large branches in old trees, oblong with pyramidal projections, 25 to 60 centimeters long. Dancing Lady Orchid (Oncidium sp.)

The Dancing Lady orchid or Yellow Oncidium orchid has multiple blooms of bright yellow with a reddish brown center. The flowers can have large, bright yellow labellum or lip which people likened to the skirt of a ballerina. As the flower stems sway in the breeze the flowers dance, giving the impression of dancing ladies. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea sp.)

This genus was named in honor of the explorer and scientist, Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729 - 1811), who made the first French voyage around the world, and for whom the Papua New Guinean island is also named. Known for their brilliant floral displays and ground-covering power, bougainvilleas originate from the tropics and subtropics of South America. Members of the Four O'clock (Nyctaginaceae) Family, the 14 species in this genus are scrambling shrubs that can become vigorous climbers in favorable conditions resembling the climate of their native habitat

Sugar-apple, Atis (Annona squamosa)
Really YUMMY! Annona squamosa (also called sugar-pineapple or sweetsop) is a species of Annona native to the tropical Americas and widely grown in Colombia, El Salvador, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and the Philippines. Its exact native range is unknown due to extensive cultivation, but thought to be in the Caribbean; the species was described from Jamaica. Carabao

The carabao, also called water buffalo, is the national animal of the Philippines. These animals are large work animals that look similar to cows. Their coats are dark brown and they have horns that extend out on both sides of their head. They are used to plow fields and transport items. They are peaceful animals that like to roll around in the mud. Monkey-eating eagle/ Philippine eagle (haribon) Pithecophaga jefferyi

One of the rarest, strongest, and most powerful species of bird in the world national bird of the Philippines. Has a nape adorned by brown feathers that resemble like a lion, has strong claws for catching prey can be found in Sierra Madre and some forests in Mindanao Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta)

One of the smallest primates in the world with distinct large eyes native in Bohol measures about only 85-160mm in height nocturnal (active at night). Whale shark (butanding) Rhincodon typus

Largest fish in the world, filter feeder, slow-moving, native in Donsol, Sorsogon Sea turtle (pawikan) Chelonia mydas
A large turtle found in Philippine seas, grows up to 1.5 m. long and weighs 185 kg. cannot retract its head compared to land turtles, color ranges from green, brown, and black, highly hunted because of its bizarre shell.

2. 3 endemic species both flora and fauna
Philippine Warty Pig ( Sus philippensis )
The Philippine Warty Pig is a species with two pairs of warts and with a tuft of hair extending outwards from the warts closest to the jaw. It can be found in Luzon, Catanduanes, Leyte, Mindoro, Samar, Jolo and other Philippine provinces. Its...
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