Philippine Literature

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THE DISCOVERY OF A NEW ROUTE
Having settled in Cebu, Legazpi ordered the return of the ship San Pedro to Mexico. * It was to be piloted by Father Urdaneta and accompanied by Legazpi’s grandson, Felipe de Salcedo.

Sailing from the port of Cebu on June 1,1565
After overcoming many difficulties, the ship sailed down the California coast to Mexico, arriving at the port of Navidad on October 1. From Navidad, the ship sailed to Acapulco.

FIRST SETTLEMENT IN CEBU
Legazpi and his men entered Cebu harbor on April 27.
The Cebuano chieftain, Tupas
The day after the skirmish, a Spaniard found the image of the Infant Jesus, which Magellan gave to Juana, Raja Humabon’s wife, forty-four years earlier.

Legazpi applied a POLICY OF ATTRACTION.
A land, donated by Tupas and other Cebuano chieftains, was used as Spanish settlement. A fort was constructed and the Spaniards called it Fort San Pedro. Initially, The Spanish settlement was called San Miguel.

THE SETTLEMENT IN PANAY
Master of Camp, Mateo del Saz
The Portuguese captain, Gonzalo de Pereira
The first Spanish voyage to manila
* Juan de Salcedo (Legazpi’s younger grandson) led expedition to north * Martin de Goiti and Salcedo led the Spanish forces (it was divided to two) * Rajah Sulayman (or Soliman)

THE FOUNDING OF MANILA
LEGAZPI – first-governor general of the Philippines.
BATTLE OF BANCUSAY in Tondo.
On June 24, 1571, Legazpi made Manila the Capital of the Philippines. King Philip II later called Manila, “Distinguished and Ever Loyal City”
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