Presidential Decree No. 1152
• Enacted on June 6, 1977 in the City of Manila by President Ferdinand E. Marcos • The Philippine Environmental Code is a body of laws settling forth management policies and prescribing quality standards for the environment in its totality. • Provided a comprehensive program of environmental protection and management. The Code established specific environment management policies and prescribes environmental quality standards.
AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT
The purposes of this Title are: a. to achieve and maintain such levels of air quality as to protect public health; and b. to prevent to the greatest extent practicable, injury and/or damage to plant and animal life and property, and promote the social economic development of the country.
Ambient Air Quality Standards • There shall be established ambient air quality standards which shall prescribe the maximum concentration of air pollutants permissible in the atmosphere consistent with public health, safety and general welfare.
National Emission Standards • There shall be established national emission standards for new and existing stationary and mobile sources of pollution which shall consider among others such factors as type of industry, practicable control technology available, location and land use, and the nature of pollutants emitted. Community Noise Standards • Appropriate standards for community noise levels shall be established considering, among others, location, zoning and land use classification
Aircraft Emission and Sonic Booms • Appropriate government agencies shall encourage research studies on the harmful effects of aircraft emissions in the environment in order to establish permissible emission standards. • Research and studies shall also be undertaken to mitigate and/or minimize the effects of sonic booms in the environment.
REGULATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Air Quality and Noise Standards • National Pollution Control Commission in coordination with appropriate government agencies shall be responsible for the enforcement of ambient air quality emission and noise standards, including the monitoring and surveillance of air pollutants, licensing and permitting of air pollution control facilities, and the promulgation of appropriate rules and regulations.
Aircraft Noise • Community noise standards around airports shall be implemented by the Civil Aeronautics Administration in coordination with the National Pollution Control Commission. Vehicular Emission • The Land Transportation Commission, in coordination with the National Pollution Control Commission, shall implement emission standards for vehicles and may deputize other appropriate law enforcement agencies for the purpose.
Radioactive Emissions • The release and emission of radioactivity into the environment incident to the establishment or possession of nuclear energy facilities and radioactive materials, handling, transport, production, storage, use and disposal of radio active materials shall be regulated by the Philippine Atomic Energy Commission in coordination with other appropriated government agencies.
Air Quality Monitoring • The National Pollution Control Commission in coordination with appropriate government agencies, shall establish to the greatest extent practicable an air quality monitoring network. Such air quality monitoring network shall put to maximum use the capabilities of these agencies. • The National Environmental Protection Council shall be furnished with the results of air quality monitoring activities.
Weather Modification • The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration shall monitor regularly meteorological factors affecting environmental conditions in order to effectively guide air pollution monitoring activities. • Activities relating to weather modification such as rainfall stimulation and storm seeding experiments shall be...