As the world's second largest archipelago with more than 7,100 islands, scientists dub the Philippines one of the world's biologically richest countries. But with the continued exploitation of its natural resources, the country is also a "biodiversity hotspot," or "the richest and most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life on Earth.
Endemic species, or species unique to the Philippines, abound---mainly because of the country's isolated islands, tropical location and extensive areas of rainforest. The country is home to the most distinct creatures on Earth, such as the flying lemur, the world's smallest and largest bats (Philippine bamboo bat and giant flying fox), the world's smallest hoofed mammal (Philippine mouse deer) , the world's largest fish ("butanding" or whale shark) and one of the world's largest eagles (the Philippine eagle or monkey-eating eagle). Most of the country's endemic species are now endangered. Endangered species is any animal or plant species whose survival is threatened to the point of extinction. Once extinct, these species can no longer be found on earth---permanently. According to studies carried out by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (based in the United Kingdom), there are at least 566 endangered species in the Philippines - 84 of which are listed as "critically endangered". Less than ten countries in the entire world have a situation that is more critical than the Philippines - and most of those countries are significantly bigger (in terms of land mass). Some of the endemic critically endangered species include the tamaraw and the Visayan warty pig. The Panay giant fruit bat was declared extinct in 1996, and the Cebu warty pig in 2000. The Philippine government has to act now, or face hotspot extinction. Unfortunately, illegal logging is still widespread, and only 11 percent of the total land area of the country is protected. MyZoo is concerned with protecting the endangered species of the Philippines – some of which are kept in zoos and wildlife centers around the country.
Here is a list of some of the endangered species in the Philippines: PLANTS
• Tree Fern
Scientific Name: Cyathea spp. Family: Cyatheaceae Common Name: Tree Fern Local Name: Natong The order Cyatheales is a taxonomic division of the fern subclass, Cyatheatae, which includes the tree ferns. No clear morphological features characterize all of the Cyatheales, but DNA sequence data indicates that the order is monophyletic. Some species in the Cyatheales have tree-like growth forms, but others have creeping rhizomes (stems). Some species have scales on the stems and leaves, while others have hairs. However, most plants in the Cyatheales are tree ferns and have trunk-like stems up to 20 meters tall. It is unclear how many times the tree form has evolved and been lost in the order. • Chamberlain's Pitogo
Scientific Name: Cycas chamberlainii Br. & Kienh. Family: Cycadaceae Common Name: Chamberlain's Pitogo Local Name: Pitogong Arayat ... Cycas is the type genus and the only genus currently recognised in the cycad family Cycadaceae. About 95 species are currently accepted. The best-known species is Cycas revoluta, widely cultivated under the name "Sago Palm" or "King Sago Palm" due to its palm-like appearance although it is not a true palm. The generic name comes from Greek Koikas, and means "a kind of palm". The plants are dioecious, and the family Cycadaceae is unique among the cycads in not forming seed cones on female plants, but rather a group of leaf-like structures each with seeds on the lower margins, and pollen cones on male individuals. The plant takes several years to grow, sexual reproduction takes place after 10 years of exclusive vegetative growth. • fan palms
Scientific Name: Livistonia saribus (Lour.) Merr. Family: Palmae Common Name: Fan Palm Local Name: Magilay...