Philippine Contemporary Problems and Issues
POVERTY - The state of being extremely poor.
- The state of being inferior in quality or insufficient in amount. Causes of Poverty
Rapid Population Growth
As the Philippines has financially limited resources and a high poverty rate, the rapid increase in population has become a problem because there is already insufficient resources to support the population, which leaves much fewer resources to improve the economy. From 2003 to 2006, even though the Philippines experienced above-average economic growth, the poverty incidence actually increased as a result of its population growth rate. 2.
Weakness in employment generation and the quality of jobs generated The failure to sustain a high level of economic growth also explains the unavailability of jobs in the country. Without job opportunities, people will not be able to earn incomes and are vulnerable to poverty. 3.
Low to moderate economic growth
Economic growth is a necessary precondition for poverty reduction, but the quality of that growth is important, and not all growth is pro-poor. The Philippines empirical record demonstrates that the poverty headcount declines when the growth rate of average family income is higher than the rate of inflation. 4.
Failure to fully develop the agriculture sector
The failure of export-oriented industrialization strategy in the Philippines in the 1980s resulted in a new policy thrust called the “Balanced Agro-Industrial Development Strategy (BAIDS).” It had basic features of import substitution, export expansion, diversification of agricultural products, increased private sector participation, diminished government control and increased foreign investments. 5.
High and persistent levels of inequality
Inequitable distribution of income and its persistence over the years is another reason for poverty in the Philippines. High levels of inequality were recorded for the past 20–25 years, which in turn have weakened the already-moderate economic growth. 6.
Recurrent shocks and exposure to risks such as economic crisis, conflicts and natural disasters •
Social conflicts prevent people from pursuing their livelihoods and economic activities as they are displaced from their homes and places of work. •
The geographic location of the Philippines makes it susceptible to natural hazards such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, environmental degradation, tropical cyclones, and flooding.
MALNUTRITION - can also be defined as the insufficient, excessive or imbalanced consumption of nutrients. Several different nutrition disorders may develop, depending on which nutrients are lacking or consumed in excess.
Undernutrition (subnutrition) - occurs when an individual does not consume enough food. It may exist if the person has a poor diet that gives them the wrong balance of basic food groups.
Overnutrition - Obese people, who consume more calories than they need, may suffer from the subnutrition aspect of malnutrition if their diet lacks the nutrients their body needs for good health. Causes of malnutrition?
Malnutrition, the result of a lack of essential nutrients, resulting in poorer health, may be caused by a number of conditions or circumstances. In many developing countries long-term (chronic) malnutrition is widespread - simply because people do not have enough food to eat.
In more wealthy industrialized nations malnutrition is usually caused by: •
Poor diet - if a person does not eat enough food, or if what they eat does not provide them with the nutrients they require for good health, they suffer from malnutrition. Poor diet may be caused by one of several different factors. If the patient develops dysphagia(swallowing difficulties) because of an illness, or when recovering from an illness, they may not be able to consume enough of the right nutrients. •
Mental health problems - some patients with mental health conditions, such as depression, may...
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