Philippine Bec

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MODULE 2

THE PHILIPPINE BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM

Teacher Induction Program
Teacher Education Council, Department of Education

Lidinila M. Luis - Santos, Ed.D.
Writer

Minda C. Sutaria, Ed.D.
Reviewer

Bernadette S. Pablo, M.Ed.
Editor

All rights reserved. This module may not be reproduced in any form without the permission of the Teacher Education Council, Department of Education.

TEACHER INDUCTION PROGRAM

MODULE 2
The Philippine Basic Education Curriculum

OBJECTIVES
THE PHILIPPINE BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM
Overview
This module is about the Basic Education Curriculum (BEC), which sets the standards for what your students should learn in basic education which in the Philippines is from Grades I-VI and from First Year to Fourth Year high school. It spells out the knowledge, skills, habits and attitudes that your students should learn under your guidance. It is your guide in what to teach, in whatever grade/year level you are assigned. Besides learning about the curriculum, you should also be familiar with the Philippine Education For ALL (EFA) 2015 Plan. In the module, there are Self Check Questions (SCQs) and Activities to find out for yourself how well you understood what you read. However, you are not to write your answers on the module itself. Your answers are to be recorded in a notebook or journal which shall be part of your formative evaluation. TEC shall provide the postassessment booklet for summative evaluation. After studying this module you should be able to do the following: Discuss the goals and critical tasks of the EFA 2015 Plan of Action. Define what a curriculum is and its role in Philippine basic education. Explain the bases of the Philippine basic education curriculum. Discuss the forerunners of the present basic education curriculum. Explain the rationale for restructuring the basic education curriculum. Analyze the structure of the BEC. Identify samples of the different learning goals. Describe the role of the curriculum in the instructional system. Use the BEC in planning effective lessons. Assume greater responsibility for enhancing your capabilities to use the BEC as your guide to teaching and learning. i

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page Objectives Preassessment i 1 4

Lesson 1 How Do You Know where You Want To Go? Know Your Curriculum The EFA 2005-2015 Plan of Action Goals of EFA EFA’s Critical Tasks What is a Curriculum? Why Do We Need a Curriculum? Why Do We Have a National Curriculum? How Do We Indigenize/Localize the Curriculum? Why Do We Have a Bilingual Policy?

6 8 13 15 16 17 18 20

Lesson 2

Why Restructure the Curriculum: A Little Bit of History

23

The National Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) The New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC) Evaluation of the NESC and NSEC The Rationale for the 2002 Basic Education Curriculum (BEC)

24

26 26 29

ii

Lesson 3 I Know the BEC: How Do I Make It Alive?
Features of the BEC The Structure of the 2002 Basic Education Curriculum The Philippine Elementary Learning Competencies (PELC) and the Philippine Secondary Learning Competencies (PSLC)

32 33 39

41

Lesson 4 Alive! But How Do I Make The Curriculum Work?
The Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment Model (CIA) You and the Instructional System The Role of Textbooks and Other Instructional Materials Your Mastery of Subject Matter

48

49 53

57 57

Answer Key to SCQ’s and Activities Bibliography Appendix 1 Sample Reading Skills Appendix 2 Sample Competencies of Elementary Mathematics: Grade I – VI Comprehension of Whole Numbers Appendix 3 Sample Competencies of Filipino in the Secondary Level

60 68 69

70 74

iii

TEACHER INDUCTION PROGRAM

PREASSESSMENT

PREASSESSMENT

Don’t be distracted by the title of this section of the module. This is a preliminary survey of what you already know about the topics covered in this module. Get a sheet of paper and write your answers to the questions. Don’t worry if you cannot...
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