Petrarchan Sonnets

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The Winter Sundays
By: Robert Hayden
Explication

In the sonnet “Those Winter Sundays”, the theme is the warmth of the coal fire becomes the warmth of the love that radiates throughout the house. An adult speaker presents memories of how his father expressed love for him through his actions. In particular, the speaker remembers that his father rose very early on Sunday mornings to stoke the furnace fire. Only when the house was warm did he awaken his son to dress. Line 12 notes that the father also polished his son's "good shoes," indicating that he will be taking or sending his son to church. Thus, the father takes seriously the moral upbringing of his boy. The phrase "chronic angers" in line 9 is open to interpretation. It could mean that sternly scolds his son from time to time or that arguments are commonplace in the household. It seems clear, though, that he is a good father. He accomplishes his Sunday tasks with aching, skin-cracked hands subjected during the week to the fierce cold he endures on the job. The adult speaker regrets now that he never took the time to thank his father for his concern and love.

There are three rhetorical devices used throughout this sonnet which are, Anaphora: What did I know, what did I know (line 13) Assonance: from labor in the weekday weather made (line 4) Metaphor: I’d wake and hear the cold splintering, breaking (line 6).

The poem contains no end rhyme; it does contain internal rhyme, in lines 2-6 and 8 &10. The use of short words containing hard consonants are clothes, blueblack, cold, cracked, ached, weekday, banked, thanked, wake, breaking, call, chronic, speaking. These words emphasize the hardness of life for the speaker's father.

The Winter Sundays
By: Robert Hayden
Visual Representation

The relationship between my visual I chose and the poem was the title of the poem “The Winter Sundays”, and how this occurring during the winter so it’s being cold and snowing and happening on a Sunday, and everyone knows that church takes place on a Sunday, so I used a church as an symbol in my image.

Composed Upon Westminster Bridge
By: William Wordsworth
Explication

In the sonnet “Composed upon Westminster Bridge”, it has a theme that seeing the city in a new light. The sonnet consists of an eight-line stanza (octave) and a six-line stanza (sestet). The first stanza presents a theme or problem, and the second stanza develops the theme or suggests a solution to the problem. The rhyme scheme is as follows: (1) first stanza (octave): abba, abba; (2) second stanza (sestet): cd, cd, cd (or another combination, such as cde, cde; cdc, cdc; or cde, dce. .......The meter of the poem is iambic pentameter, with ten syllables (five iambic feet) per line. The first two lines of the poem demonstrate the metric pattern:

The first eight lines present a view of the city as it wears the sunlit morning like a garment and its edifices glitter beneath the sky. The last six lines then boldly declare that this man-made "formation" is just as beautiful in the sunlight as any natural formation, such as a valley or hill. Moreover, it is just as calming to the observer, for even the houses seem to sleep, like the people in them. The most striking figure of speech in the poem is personification. It dresses the city in a garment and gives it a heart, makes the sun "in his first splendour" a benefactor, and bestows on the river a will of its own. .......Examples of other figures of speech in the poem are as follows: Line 2, alliteration: Dull would he be of soul who could pass by Line 3, alliteration: A sight so touching in its majesty

Lines 4, 5 similes: This City now doth like a garment wear / the beauty of the morning: silent bare (comparison of beauty to a garment) Line 13: metaphor: Dear God! The very houses seem asleep; (comparison of houses to a creature that sleeps)

Composed Upon Westminster Bridge
By: William Wordsworth
Visual Representation

Remember
By: Christina...
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