Eggplant, Solanum melongena L., is a popular vegetable crop grown in the subtropics and tropics. It is called brinjal in India and auberginein Europe. The name "eggplant" derives from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and shaped similarly to chicken eggs.
Let's learn about the production of this crop, beginning with its climate and soil requirements ...
The fruits of eggplant come in a wide array of shapes and colors. Select a variety that is most suitable to your market. Other desirable characteristics for varieties include high productivity, resistance to diseases, early maturity, vigorous plant habit, and tolerance to heat.[see photo of several shapes and colors of eggplant].
One month after transplanting, a bamboo stake (100-120 cm) is placed nearby each plant to support the plant from fruit load.
Pruning is recommended to produce bright-colored, high quality fruit. Maintain three branches per plant: two branches from the primary division of the main stalk and one branch below this division. All the other lateral branches are removed periodically. Remove older leaves from the lower portions of plants to allow for more air circulation and lighting within the canopy.
Eggplants should not be planted after tomato, pepper, potato, or other solanaceous crops to prevent a recurrence of the same pests and disease pathogens. Rotate eggplants with other crops. Verticillium wilt is controlled by crop rotation and planting crops that are not susceptible to wilt (Lindgren, 1982). Planting eggplant after rice reduces the incidence of bacterial wilt and nematodes. Proper seed selection and treatment and planting in well drained soil reduce seed rot and damping-off (Chen; Li; Kalb, 2001).
Row or fine mesh covers also help reduce pest attack. However, during the reproductive stage, hand-pollination of flowers is necessary (Lindgren, 1982).
Plastic as ground cover tends to improve the yield as it warms the soil,... [continues]
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