Pest Analysis Poland

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Capital: Warsaw
Area:312,685 sq. Km
Official Language: Polish
Ethnic Groups:91,5% polish, 0,94% Silesian,0,04% Kashubian,0,07% German, 0,07% Ukrainian, 0,08% Belarusian, 7,24% Other

Government: Parliamentary Republik
Time:Central European time CET( UTC+1)
Population:38.501.000 (2011 Census)

Government and political conditions:

The President is tue head of states
The government structure consists of a council of Ministers led by a prime Minister The parliament consist of a 460-member loser house(Sejm) and a 100-member upper house(senate) The parties represented in tue Sejm in tue order of the number of Seats are as follows Civic platform(PO)

Law and justice(PiS)
The democratic Left Alliances(SLD)
The Polish People´s Party(PSL)
Poland comes first(PJN)
Social Democracy of Poland(SDPL)

Sozial policy and bureaucracy

The process of the changes in the social model during last 16 years can be divided into four phases:
• 1989-1993 . the period of the deep economic crisis, radical decrease of incomes and fast development of unemployment. In this period social policy concentrated in building social safety net to protect the social groups most threatened by the transformation process. • 1994-1997 . the period of the dynamic economic development. For social policy it was the period of planning and designing the reforms to adopt the institutions of social security to the market economy.

1 Construction of modern institutions of the social policy in Poland started in XIXth century when the majority of Polish territories were included into Prussia and Austro-Hungarian Empire. 2 With the exception of the welfare benefits, payable to senior and disabled people who had not acquired entitlement to receive social security benefits.

3 With the inclusion of their finance in the central budget until 1987. Rescaling Social Welfare Policies National Report Poland
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