In order to explain the current situation in Lima I truly feel one must understand its history. Peru is a country which history contained many different settled cultures before the Incan empire reigned and was conquered. Once conquered by the Spanish, their main objectives were to pillage and to convert native tribes to Christianity, and to stop the development of the indigenous civilizations. Incans were treated ruthlessly, used for labor to produce what was needed in Spain. The result was the creation of a mental gap between the Inca and the Spanish population. A separation that has endured for more than 400 years, and the evidence is easily seen today when analyzing the current situation in Lima. Almost all of the people migrating to Lima come from an Incan (indigenous) background, which is totally separated from a more modern life in the capital.
To start, when contrasting Peru to other Latin American countries like Bolivia, Ecuador and Mexico, "Mestizaje," (the integration of Indigenous with European blood) never became an official national ideology in Peru. Cultural problems and conflicts have been evident in the countries history as well as the migration issues that have transpired in the past decades. This is the large numbers of indigenous people from rural areas occupying the capital. An interesting thought for us would be to imagine the US still having a large Native American population and many of those groups integrating into our society today. In what ways would it affect our society?
Although many factors lead to migration in Lima's urban areas, it is mainly blamed on the lack of opportunity... [continues]
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