.Ok , Every People In This Classroom. Listen To me . Switzerland is a very beautiful country . Switzerland has a population of about 7.95 million. Foreigners account for around 22.7% of the resident population. The average age is increasing, as people live longer and have fewer children. Lifestyles are changing as the Swiss adapt to new demands. Religious belief has declined in recent years, but the religious landscape has diversified. Switzerland has four unevenly distributed languages and a wealth of dialects. Since 1972 fewer children have been born than is necessary for continued population growth. In 1998 there were more deaths than births among Swiss citizens - the first time this had happened since records began in 1871. According to a forecast issued in 2004, between 2003 and 2012 the number of children of school age (7-15) will drop by about 100,000. Since 1993 the number of Swiss citizens has increased only because of the number of foreigners who have been naturalised. According to the population data . In 2011 , the amount of the Permanent residents in Switzerland is 7,954,662. There are 6,138,668 (77.2%) of Swiss Citizens and 1,815,994(22.8%) of Foreign Citizens .The amount of residents in age 0-19 have1,642,543 (20.6%), 20-39 has 2,120,114(26.7%), 40-64 has the most amount – 2,826,853(35.5%). 65-79 has 982,886(12.4%) and 80+ has 382,286 (4.8% ) People marry relatively late; they concentrate on their training and career before they start a family. Swiss women are among the oldest in Europe at the birth of their first child. The majority of couples have only 1 or 2 children. In 2004 the average number of children per woman was 1.42, less than the EU average of 1.5. The world average is 2.65. Surveys have shown that parents put financial difficulties as the main reason for restricting family size. Large flats are expensive, and there is a shortage of affordable child care. The Drugs and Alcohol. Tobacco consumption is widespread in Switzerland. In 2003 the Federal Office of Health put the number of smokers at about one third of the population aged between 15 and 65. The World Health Organisation's figures for 2002 showed that the Swiss smoked between 6 and 8 cigarettes a day. In Western Europe only the Irish smoked the same, and only the Dutch and Spanish smoked more. However, the long-term trend in tobacco consumption is downwards. Annual per capita consumption among Swiss aged 16 and over fell from 2644 in 1996 to 2036 in 2005. Health experts attribute the fall to growing awareness of the health risk and a rise in prices. Anti-smoking campaigns are gaining ground. The Swiss Federal Railways banned smoking in all their trains in December 2005, and in March 2006 Ticino became the first canton to ban smoking in public places. The issue was so widely discussed in 2006 that the word Rauchverbot, "smoking ban", was declared word of the year in German speaking Switzerland. It was selected by a jury of journalists from more than 2000 suggestions submitted by the public. Young people are also smoking less. A survey published in 2007 showed that about 15 per cent of 15-year olds smoked at least once a week, down from 23 per cent in 2002. Over half of all smokers say they would like to give up. Switzerland has four national languages, but they vary greatly in the number of speakers.
German is by far the most widely spoken language in Switzerland: 19 of the country’s 26 cantons are predominantly (Swiss) German-speaking. French
French is spoken in the western part of the country, the "Suisse Romande." Four cantons are French-speaking: Geneva, Jura, Neuchâtel and Vaud. Three cantons are bilingual: in Bern, Fribourg and Valais both French and German are spoken. Italian
Italian is spoken in Ticino and four southern valleys of Canton Graubünden. Rhaeto-Rumantsch (Rumantsch)
Rumantsch is spoken in the only trilingual canton, Graubünden. The other two languages spoken there are German and...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document