November 9, 2009
Persuasive Speech Outline
Comm Lab 150 Section 10
Mandatory Physical Education
General Purpose: To persuade
Speech Goal: I want to persuade my classmates that physical education should be mandatory in grades K-12, yet reforms should be made to make it mandatory.
I. How many times have you thought about wanting to work out to keep up a “fit and healthy” lifestyle, but did not know the criteria for a certain workout or even how much you should be doing during a week? Making physical education in grades kindergarten through 12th grade will help teach you these lifelong skills.
II. Physical education should be mandatory in grades K-12 for the following three reasons: A. Learning how to live a healthy lifestyle
B. Avoiding obesity
C. Decreasing depression and anxiety
I. Children need to learn how to live a healthy lifestyle. A. According to Jessica Barron from an article on Associated Content, “Physical education is necessary in schools to effectively teach children how to manage their lives in a healthy way. Children are less likely to care about their health if they are not told why health is important than children who are educated about nutrition and exercise.” B. While physical education needs to educate students in the classroom about how to eat better and maintain a healthy lifestyle, they also need to learn how sports can be enjoyable. According to an article written by Jessica Barron on Associated Content, most children do not know that sports can be fun and enjoyable if they are not made to at least try them. Without physical education, these children will never be trying any sports. Sometimes they even miss finding a hidden talent. C. According to the American Heart Association, elementary students should be required to have at least 150 minutes per week, while middle school students should be required to have at least 225 minutes per week, and high school students have to complete a physical education requirement prior to graduation. D. If learning how to live a healthy lifestyle is engrained into your memory, you are more likely to continue doing it when you graduate high school and attend college, which is something we can all find relative.
Transition: Along with learning how to live a healthier lifestyle, the risk of obesity as a teenager and adult can be avoided with a better lifestyle.
II. Obesity is a continuing problem among children. When children do not learn how to take care of their bodies, it can follow them into their adult life, which increases health risks majorly. A. Nearly 10 million children ages 6-19 are considered overweight. (American Heart Association). B. “In 1971 only 4% of overweight adolescents made up the population. That number has nearly quadrupled into 17% in 2003” (American Heart Association). C. Physical education needs to begin early and continue all throughout high school (K-12) because nearly two-thirds of Americans are overweight, and one in five four year olds are already obese according to The USA Today. D. Obesity can cause increased risk in certain health issues, including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer, gallbladder disease, and osteoarthritis, cited from the WebMD.
Transition: By making physical education mandatory, obesity can be avoided along with decreasing depression and anxiety, which will ultimately help weight as well.
III. Physical education can help maintain a positive attitude and decrease depression. This is crucial during teenage years because you are transitioning through different stages and friendships. A. After conducting an experiment in young females, psychologists found that after 5 50-minute light jogging/exercise programs for 8 weeks, depressive states significantly decreased compared to young females who just did daily activities (European Public Health Association). B. “One recent study found that a good...