Every successful movement through speeches has always conveyed a more in depth message of the writer’s true purpose. There are many ways in which a writer uses rhetorical devices such as diction, style of word arrangement, purpose, and tone in order to achieve his effects upon his audience. Although there are different uses of rhetorical devices in speeches, Mahatma Gandhi’s, “The Quit India,” and Edouard Daladier’s January 29, 1940 address, “The Nazi’s Aim is Slavery,” to the people of France, were excellent examples of how an author uses ethos, logos pathos, context and tone. Mahatma Gandhi and Edouard Daladier’s achievement of their intended effects can be clearly seen through their use of these rhetorical devices. Mahatma Gandhi’s reputation helped appeal to his character and his persuasive attitude towards how his character is established by means of the speech or discourse. As a spiritual and political leader, Mahatma Gandhi helped in the fight against the Indian people’s oppression under British rule through non-violent resistance and civil disobedience to obtain political and social goals. Gandhi obtained his law degree from London and he also traveled through India for a year to better acquaint himself with his people. Among his many reputable events, Gandhi gained national reputation when he founded an ashram, called Satyagraha Ashram, to help relieve Indian land owner’s who were exploited by British indigo farmers to grow indigo on fifteen percent of their land and to give up that crop as rent. Not only was Gandhi a political figure to his people, he was also part of his people spiritually and physically. Being a political figure among the oppressed gave him more viability and aided in Gandhi’s search for his audience’s trust, which he rightly attained. Gandhi preached of Ahimsa constantly to show his people that he was not only teaching the way of Ahimsa but also living it. Edouard Daladier was the Premier of France who was giving a national address to the French people. During World War I he graduated as a lawyer; meanwhile, surviving four years of concentrated warfare. He served as Prime Minister of France, this was the most important office Edouard Daladier held; he was also the leader of the Radical Party in France. Daladier had many posts in the French government throughout his lifetime, some including minister of colonies and minister of public works. Throughout his career, Daladier was always representing his people and making decisions, which he thought, were going to be the best for them.
In speeches speakers use their rhetorical devices to appeal to the audience’s emotions of pity, sorrow, and compassionate sympathy. Mahatma Gandhi’s speech, “The Quit India,” takes advantage of the audience’s situation by touching on past, present, and possibly, future points. Gandhi has been through the struggle with his audiences, so he knows how to evoke the right emotions because they are evoked in him as well. One emotion that Gandhi induces is pride. Gandhi evokes a feeling of pride through this statement; “A non-violent soldier of freedom will covet nothing for himself, he fights only for the freedom of his country” (“The Quit India”). When Gandhi refers to his Indian audience as “soldiers,” he gives each individual Indian a sense of importance in the struggle, but when he uses the whole combined description of a “non-violent soldier of freedom,” he gives the people a sense of importance with a specific purpose. This purpose is that not only are they “soldiers,” they are “non-violent soldiers;” soldiers who are fighting back without physical confrontation but through civil disobedience to create a statement of national unity and to make evident that they are all fighting for a universal cause; freedom. Furthermore, in this quote, he gives his audience guidance into what is expected of each “soldier,” that each soldier does not fight for personal gain or glory; however, he fights for the overall good of his...
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