Persons Deprived of Liberty

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2010 National Summit Declaration on Persons Deprived of Liberty Manila, Philippines

“Collaborative Partnership in Enhancing the Dignity of Persons Deprived of Liberty”

The participants, representing the Executive Branch, the Legislature, the Judiciary, other public institutions, civil society organizations, faith-based organizations and other partners,

AFFIRMING the State’s constitutional obligation and adherence with international laws and covenants to protect and uphold fundamental rights and freedoms of all, and the primacy of human dignity in Philippine society;

ACKNOWLEDGING the inherent dignity of persons deprived of liberty and their right to humane treatment;

RECOGNIZING the roles of public institutions including the civil society and the community in upholding the physical, emotional, mental and moral integrity of persons deprived of liberty;

VALUING partnerships as a means to deepen dialogue and collaboration among partners and stakeholders from government, civil society and faith-based organizations to protect the rights and enhance the dignity of persons deprived of liberty;

EMPHASIZING the need to transform the criminal justice system in accordance with the paradigm of restorative justice;

AGREEING that deprivation of liberty refers to “any form of detention, imprisonment, institutionalization, or custody of a person in a public…institution which that person is not permitted to leave at will, by order of or under de facto control of a judicial, administrative, or any other authority….”;

RAISING WITH DEEPEST CONCERN the situation of extreme congestion, violence, and health and sanitation risks experienced by persons in places of deprivation of liberty; the retributive and punitive character of the criminal justice system, including the limited engagement of victims in the justice system; the prejudice and stigma of the community against persons deprived of liberty and its limited participation in rehabilitation and social re-integration programs; the inadequate legal, judicial and administrative alternatives to imprisonment and deprivation of a person’s liberty; and the fragmented institutional and policy arrangements in the criminal justice system that diffuse resources, approaches and accountability, as well as the systemic problems of institutional coordination, inefficiency and corruption;

CONVENING in Diamond Hotel, Manila on 16-17 November 2010 with a view to generate consensus on action measures to protect the dignity of persons deprived of liberty on specific issues affecting the offenders, victims, the community, alternatives to deprivation of a person’s liberty, and governance to strengthen institutional coordination;

BEARING IN MIND the need to sustain the collaboration between government and civil society partners in the implementation and monitoring of key Summit agreements and action measures, including the other detailed recommendations of the National Summit documented in the highlights of proceedings;

ADOPTS the following priority action measures of the Executive Branch to protect and enhance the dignity of persons deprived of liberty, as well as the key advocacies to the Legislature, the Judiciary, the civil society and other partners, without prejudice to their respective commitments and initiatives outside this Declaration and the other action measures discussed and documented during the National Summit:


1.Exhaust administrative measures, within the bounds of law, to decongest lock-ups, jails, centers, homes and correctional facilities, among other places of deprivation of liberty, under the supervision and control of the Philippine National Police (PNP), Bureau of Jail Management and Penology (BJMP), provincial and local governments, Bureau of Corrections (BuCor), Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), Board of Pardon and Parole (BPP), Parole and Probation...
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