Personality & Values

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What is personality? How do we typically measure it? What factors determine personality?

Personality: The dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment. Measuring Personality:
a. Personality Tests: Helpful in hiring decisions
b. Self-reporting surveys: Most common method.
c. Observer-ratings surveys: provide an independent assessment of personality – often better predictors Other ways to measuring personality
* Self-report surveys
* Observer-rating surveys
* Projective measures
* Rorschach Inkblot Test
* Thematic Apperception Test
Factors determine personality:
a. Heredity
b. Personality Traits
Other Factors determine personality
c. Environment
d. Situation

What is the Myers-Briggs Type indicator (MBTI), and What does it measure?

Myers – Briggs Indicator (MBTI): A personality test that taps four characteristics and classifies people into 1 of 16 personality types using 100 questions. Myers – Briggs Indicator measure:
a. Extroverted (E) vs. Introverted (I)
b. Sensing (S) vs. Intuitive (N)
c. Thinking (T) vs. Feeling (F)
d. Judging (J) vs. Perceiving (P)
Participants are classified on four axes to determine one of 16 possible personality types, such as ENTJ. Most widely-used instrument in the world.

What are the Big Five personality traits?

Big Five Personality Model: A personality assessment model that taps five basic dimensions. 1. Extroversion
2. Agreeableness
3. Conscientiousness
4. Emotional Stability
5. Openness to Experience.

How do the Big Five traits predict work behavior?

1. Extroversion: The quality of being comfortable with relationships (Sociable, gregarious, and assertive). Higher performance – Enhanced leadership – Higher job & life satisfaction. 2. Agreeableness: The ability to get along with others (Good-natured,...
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