There are several different types of personalities that an individual could acquire. The psychodynamic theory is based on the idea that personality is motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which people have little awareness and over which they have no control (Feldman, 2010). The humanistic approach to personality theory emphasizes people’s innate goodness and desire to achieve higher levels of functioning (Feldman, 2010). With the use of personality theories the leading theorists will follow. Leading Theorists
Sigmund Freud is the leading theorist in the psychodynamic approach to personality with his psychoanalytic theory which developed in the early 1900’s (Feldman, 2010). Sigmund Freud argued that most of the behavior of an individual is motivated by the unconscious. Freud’s theory has three main parts which describe the stages of personality. The ID, Ego, and Superego are the three main parts of his theory. In Freud’s theory the stages include oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages that are from birth to eighteen years of age. Carl Rogers is the leading theorist in the humanistic approach to personality with self-actualization (Feldman, 2010). The self-actualization states is a state of fulfillment in which individuals realize his or her highest potential in a unique way. Rogers suggest that individuals develop a need for positive regard that reflects the desire to be loved and respected. Rogers believes in the use of unconditional positive regard which in return will help an individual throughout his or her life span. Unconditional positive regard is known as an attitude of acceptance and respect on the part of an observer, no matter what a person says or does (Feldman, 2010). With the leading theorists known for the psychodynamic and humanistic theories established comes the compare and contrast of the different theories (Feldman, 2010). Psychodynamic vs Humanistic
The psychodynamic theory emphasizes the...
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