Thomas J. Miller III
October 21, 2011
Personality Assessment and Theories
Personality is a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior that develop over time and situations (Morris & Maisto, 2002). Personalities distinguish people from one another. Many factors develop individual’s personality. One major contributor to personality is family. Personality is developed through morals and values installed by parents at an early age. Our personality can be assessed or measured, through four basic tools: the personal interview; direct observation of behavior; objectives tests; and projective test (Morris & Maisto, 2002). The personal interview deals with conversation directed toward a purpose. The purpose is to collect information on the person being interview in order to determine an assessment. Some of the interview may be unstructured, which are questions on any material and do not follow a pattern. The other type of interview is a structured one where the questions are scripted and follow a format designed by the interviewer (Morris & Maisto. 2002). Another way to measure a person’s personality is by observing them. Direct observation views a person’s behavior in everyday situations within a time frame. Direct observation is effective when the observer is not bias toward the behavior of the test subject. However some observers may interpret someone’s behavior differently. The theory of social learning relates to direct observation because it view how situations influence behavior and to see how that behavior affect others (Morris & Maisto, 2002). Psychologists use objective tests that are written and scored based on a standard procedure. The tests are set up for assessing personality using “True” or “False” or multiple choices formats (Morris & Maisto, 2002). The theory of trait is similar to objective tests because of the accurate measuring of personality that’s points...