Human Resource Management can play an important role in the success of any organization. However, certain systems and tools must be in place to provide for effective Human Resource Management (HRM). An organization can be defined as a group of people working together in a coordinated effort to achieve a set of objectives. In any organization, success in achieving objectives is determined by how well the resources are managed. These include financial, physical & human resources. Human Resources Management (HRM) is both an academic theory and a business practice. HRM is also seen as an understanding of the human aspect of an organization and its strategic importance. HRM is not merely an employment department in the organization, but maybe seen as an organ within the body vital to its livelihood & its success. Simply put, Human Resource Management (HRM) provides an institution with an effective work force in order to meet its mission. Effective human resource management uses systems and tools to bring together: the right number of people, with the right attitude and skills, in the right place, at the right time. Human Resource Management tools and systems are critical in finding, training, managing, motivating, and developing a team of staff who will effectively carry out your organization’s mission. By building strong, well-functioning human resource systems and tools, your institution will be poised for growth, ready to manage the challenges of an evolving environment, and responsive to the needs of your clients. In recent years and especially after introduction of the new management system in Afghanistan, HR got a high value and consideration both in the public and private sector; as well as NGOs. Like any other management field, HR also is having its challenges and difficulties for the organization that are using it. HR is more common in the NGO, so that this study...