PERSPECTIVE OF HYPOCRISY AMONG STUDENT
AHMAD NAFIZIE A RASID | A11CS0208
MOHAMAD FAZLAN ISMAIL ABDUL RAHMAN | A11CS0221
AZWAN SYAMIL ZAINUDDIN | A11CS0213
MOHAMAD FADHIL NORRAJI | A11CS0255
SYED MUHAMMAD SAUFI BIN SYED SALIM | A11CS0255
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1. Background Information2
1.2. Statement of Problem3
1.3. Purpose of Study3
1.4. Objective of the Study3
1.5. Research Questions4
1.6. Significance of Study4
1.7. Scope of Study4
2. LITERATURE REVIEW5
2.1. Definition and Usage of Hypocrisy5
2.2. The Reason behind Hypocrisy5
2.3. Previous Studies on Hypocrisy6
1.1. Background Information
Hypocrisy in definition of The Oxford English Dictionary is “the assuming of a false appearance of virtue or goodness, with dissimulation of real character or inclinations, esp. in respect of religious life or beliefs; hence in general sense, dissimulation, pretense, sham.” The word hypocrisy itself comes from the Greek word meaning ‘playing a theatrical role’ and several other definitions have regarded hypocrisy as “practicing what you preach” (e.g., Stone & Fernandez, 2008), “saying one thing and doing another” (e.g., Barden, Rucker, & Petty, 2005), or publicly upholding moral norms, especially for others to follow, but personally violating them in private (e.g., Lammers, Stapel, & Galinsky, 2010).
One thing in common of this multitude of definitions is that hypocrisy, by definition, refers to virtue or goodness, and is used in other domains only by extension. This means that hypocrisy is inherently used to refers to the expression of good thing and in fact, even when used to refer to deception, hypocrisy is still problematic because it involves dishonesty. If the part of ‘not being true to oneself’ is omitted, hypocrisy generally resulted in a good thing, for example; a person might not follow it through himself but if his advices changes other people for the better, then where’s the wrong in that? In the words of M. Simmon (2007), “I don't see why it would be hypocritical for a drug user to advise people not to use drugs. Frankly, I think he would have more, not less, credibility than someone who had never used drugs.” Moreover, if your polite and courteous demeanor generally pleases everyone around you, even when you don’t mean it, it can possibly make their day better.When faced with different situations, human wears a different personality that masks the wearer’s true self in order to cope with those critical situations. However, hypocrisy has been and always will be associated with grim and negative meanings. We are nurtured from the early life of ours to put honesty on the high pedestal and condemn deceitful and treacherous gesture. But how exactly is hypocrisy affecting our daily life, for the better or worse? To what extend can we call our actions as an honest gesture and not due to peer pressure or other commitments? Why does hypocrisy actually matter?
1.2. Statement of Problem
Hypocrisy is a serious but heavily underrated issue that is regularly avoided like a plague by public and government alike. Because it’s such a sensitive issue that it needs to be seriously addressed and being publicly aware of. The multitude of problem originates from hypocrisy or the lack of coherent understanding of it is staggering.
In social life, hypocrisy births problem such as double standard - a situation is desirable for one group but deplorable for another. For example, in an article written by Alexander Baron in 2012, he stated that Western society is actively committing double standard in regard to Muslim, such defending the blasphemous film of Innocence of Muslims on the ground of freedom of speech while convicting a young Muslim of his Facebook aggressive posting on war. Meanwhile, when hypocrisy is misunderstood or is heavily ridiculed upon, issues such as ad hominem – an action to negate the truth a claim by...