Perception of Violence Against Women

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THE PERCEPTION OF
VIOLENCE IN THE WORKPLACE
AGAINST WOMEN

Abstract of Dissertation Presented to the
Graduate School of the University of Sarasota
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the
Degree of Doctor of Business Administration
THE PERCEPTION OF
VIOLENCE IN THE WORKPLACE
AGAINST WOMEN

The perception of the threat of violence in the workplace against women is of particular concern to companies due to the fact that homicide is the leading cause of fatal injury for female in the workplace. This study sought to determine if there were significant relationships among the perception of violence in the workplace against women in service-oriented work organizations and the respondent's religious involvement, work classification, police involvement, marital status, and other independent variables. The descriptive research methodology was a survey instrument comprised of 30 questions, 25 closed-answered and 5 short-answered. It was distributed to service-oriented companies based on the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) that were identified in Orange County, New York. The survey was used in this study to assess the interaction between different independent variables and the sense of safety an individual feels within their workplace whether they were a victim or not. The level of significance (p < .05) supported the victims and other respondents' sense of safety in the workplace when compared to their organization classification, marital status, and police involvement. The perception of the threat of violence in the workplace against women has a direct reflection on the work background and the characteristic make-up of an employee. Results of this survey were discussed in terms of the broader applicability to future issues of violence in the workplace.

© Copyright 2000 by Mona Maria Johnson

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

A sincere expression of gratitude is offered to my committee, Dr. John D. Theodore, Dr. Lakshmi Narayan, and Dr. Prosper M. Bernard, for their guidance and support throughout the completion of this endeavor. Their contribution to the scholarly development of this study was instrumental in its completion. Also worthy of thanks is Ms. Virginia Jones, Media Resource Associate, Vassar College, for her time, support, and expertise in statistics.

To my family and friends for their support, I am forever grateful.

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 Organizational Response Data46
Table 2 Organization Violent Incident Response Data47
Table 3 Victim's Sense of a Safe Workplace50
Table 4 Victims Who Informed Police and Safe Workplace51
Table 5 Organization Classification and Victim53
Table 6 Victim's Organization Classification and Safe Workplace54 Table 7 Respondent's Marital Status and Knowledge of Attacker58

LIST OF APPENDICES

Appendix One: Initial Survey Instrument70
Appendix Two: Revised Survey Instrument77
Appendix Three: Cover Letter83

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Abstractiii
Copyright Pagev
Acknowledgementsvi
List of Tablesvii
List of Appendicesviii

CHAPTER ONE: THE PROBLEM1

The Problem1
Problem Background2
Literature Review4
Purpose of the Study5
Research Questions6
Limitations/Delimitations7
Definitions9
Importance of the Study12

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE14

Background14
Causes15
Statistics16
Weapons17
Stress19
Domestic Violence20
Victims21
Women and Workplace Violence24
Prevention26
New York Workplace Violence31

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY37

Research Design37
Selection of Subjects37
Instrumentation37
Validity and Reliability38
Informed Consent39
Assumptions39
Procedures40
Data Processing and Analysis41
Research Hypotheses42
CHAPTER FOUR: FINDINGS44

Restatement of the Purpose44
Sample Responses44
Hypothesis Testing49
Summary of Findings61

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND...
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