Meaning: Perception refers to the way we try to understand the world around us. Definition: Perception is the process by which an individual selects, organizes and interprets stimuli into a meaningful and coherent picture. Perception can also be defined as the process by which an individual selects, organizes and interprets stimuli into a meaningful and coherent picture of the environment in which he lives. Perception is a process by which individuals organize and interpret their sensory impressions in order to give meaning to their environment.
The Perceptual Process:
Perception is composed of six processes:
- Reacting to stimuli
The process of receiving stimuli:
It is received through five sensory organs i.e, vision, hearing, smell, touch and taste.
Stimuli may be external or internal.
A) External Factors Influencing Selection: nature: visual or audio 1) Intensity: higher intensity objects receive more attention 2) Size: an object with a larger size receives more attention than smaller one 3) Contrast: external stimuli stands out against the background 4) Motion/ Movement: Moving objects receive more attention that the still objects. 7) Repetition: repeated external stimulus is more attention drawing than a single one. 8) Novelty and familiarity: New objects in familiar setting or familiar objects in new setting. B) Internal Factors Influencing Selection:
1) Learning and Perception
2) Motivation and Perception
3) Personality and Perception
Process of organizing:
a) Figure ground
b) Perceptual similarity: similarity, proximity, closure and continuity. c) Perceptual constancy: gives a sense of stability in the changing world. 1) Shape constancy: eg. Pot
2) Size constancy: objects moved farther away, we tend to see it invariant size. 3) Colour constancy
Though people are exposed to several stimuli,...