Pequot War, an Inter-Ethnic Violence

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Pequot War


History 170
Professor A.F
February 21, 2013


( Captain John Underhill’s wood cut is a bird-eye, general view depiction of the Battle of Mystic Fort in 1637. )


Document |Author |Date |Purpose |Biases | |A Brief History Of The Pequot War (Book) |John Mason |unknown |Pequot war broke out after several English dwellers, who were killed by Indians in Connecticut Valley. The book was a detailed manuscript report to Connecticut authorities by Captain John Mason, who was commissioned by provincial legislatures to fight against the Pequot village. |Because this book by Captain Mason was basically a campaign report to government authorities, he was constrained by the will of his administrator with Puritans’ superior race ideology against Indians. - He has a vast of quotes that use Gods’ wills, which tend to protect the wisdoms of the English colonists. | |The Pequot War - Another View (Paper)

|Clayton E. Cramer |unknown |The paper is aimed for motivation examination behind Pequot war. Firstly, the author wanted to analyze how evidences matched up with currently popular academic theories. Furthermore, an alternative hypothesis is given in which English authorities’ eagerness was the chief cause for intertribal warfare. |(no detected biases) | |Puritans and Pequots: The Question Of Genocide

( Primary Source: The New England Quarterly, Volume 68,
No2, page 278-293 )

|Michael Freeman |Feb 4, 2005 |The paper is author’s “genocide” concept analysis and a interpretive concern whether Puritans committed genocide against the Pequots or not. |(no detected biases) | |A True Relation Of The Late Battell Fought In New England, Between The English And The Salvages: With The Present State Of Things There (Book)

|Philip Vincent |unknown |The book is a synopsis account of the crucial engagement of the Pequot war, which occurred 6 months after the Mystic Massacre. |He proudly indicated that English was the first “discoverers” of the New World, which was settled by Native Americans thousands of years ago. Another “superior race” biased ideology. He claimed New England’s land could only be fertile by “industrious hands.” | |Battle Of Mystic Fort (Woodcut) |John Underhill |unknown |The wood cut is a bird-eye, general view depiction of the Battle of Mystic Fort in 1637. |(no detected biases) | |


First of all, Michael Freeman’s “Puritans and Pequots: The Question of Genocide” is examined as an informative source for this aspect of United States history. There are two crucial themes the author pointed out in the article: conflict’s importance and how it’s related to the term “genocide”. Firstly, there were four fundamental reasons for the conflict between European settlers and native people. The first large-scale chief cause for its cruciality is the first violent confrontation between the English colonists in New England against indigenous people. Additionally, this is also considered as the first violent encounter between the Puritans and native Americans. Moreover, the mentioned incident could be seen as an episode in the history of United States of America’s establishment. Ultimately, the Pequot event is a typical instance of inter-ethnic violence between colonial settlers and autochthonous people. Furthermore, the term genocide ( which was coined in the World War II period of time by Raphael Lemkin, ) means a political crime for deliberately devastating an ethnic group or a nation in large-scale circumstances, which was proclaimed by Freeman to determine the comparison between the Puritans’ Pequot campaign to attack Indians’ village and the concept genocide nowadays.

Now, lets take a look at Cramer’s “The Pequot War - Another View”. The author provided us with a reliable history detail that there was a serious disadvantage in identifying the truth for the Pequot war, that is, we are all dependent on English and Dutch...
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