What is Performance Appraisal?
It is a systematic and periodic process that assesses an individual employee’s job performance and productivity in relation to certain pre-established criteria and organizational objectives. Other aspects of individual employees are considered as well, such as behavior, accomplishments, potential for future improvement, strengths and weaknesses, etc… Performance Appraisal is…
1. A Shared Responsibility
2. To Plan, Monitor And Review
3. an Ongoing Developmental Process
4. a Motivational Exercise
5. To “OBSERVE And EVALUATE An Employee In Relation To PRE-SET Performance Standards
Methods to measure performance appraisal
1. Critical incident method
This format of performance appraisal is a method which is involved identifying and describing specific incidents where employees did something really well or that needs improving during their performance period. 2. Weighted checklist method
In this style, performance appraisal is made under a method where the jobs being evaluated based on descriptive statements about effective and ineffective behavior on jobs.
3. Paired comparison analysis
This form of performance appraisal is a good way to make full use of the methods of options. There will be a list of relevant options. Each option is in comparison with the others in the list. The results will be calculated and then such option with highest score will be mostly chosen. 4. Graphic rating scales
This format is considered the oldest and most popular method to assess the employee’s performance. In this style of performance appraisal, the management just simply does checks on the performance levels of their staff. In this method, an employee’s quality and quantity of work is assessed in a graphic scale indicating different degrees of a particular trait. The factors taken into consideration include both the personal characteristics and characteristics related to the on the job performance of the employees. For example a trait like Job Knowledge may be judged on the range of average, above average, outstanding or unsatisfactory. 5. Essay Evaluation method
In this style of performance appraisal, managers/ supervisors are required to figure out the strong and weak points of staff’s behaviors. Essay evaluation method is a non-quantitative technique. It is often mixed with the method the graphic rating scale. 6. Performance ranking method
The performance appraisal of ranking is used to assess the working performance of employees from the highest to lowest levels. Managers will make comparisons of an employee with the others, instead of making comparison of each employee with some certain standards.
7. Behavioral Observation Scales
The method based on the scales of observation on behaviors is the one in which important tasks that workers have performed during their working time will be assessed on a regular basis.
8. Straight Ranking Method
This is one of the oldest and simplest techniques of performance appraisal. In this method, the appraiser ranks the employees from the best to the poorest on the basis of their overall performance. It is quite useful for a comparative evaluation. 9. Field Review
In this method, a senior member of the HR department or a training officer discusses and interviews the supervisors to evaluate and rate their respective subordinates. A major drawback of this method is that it is a very time consuming method. But this method helps to reduce the superiors’ personal bias.
10. Checklist Method
The rater is given a checklist of the descriptions of the behavior of the employees on job. The checklist contains a list of statements on the basis of which the rater describes the on the job performance of the employees.
11. Forced ranking (forced distribution)
Forced ranking is a method of performance appraisal to rank employee but in order of forced...