Peculiarities of the English Speech Perception and Production of Ukrainians

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………............3
CHAPTER ONE. ENGLISH SPEECH PERCEPTION
1.1. Articulatory basis of Ukrainian and English speech processing…...4 1.2. Phonemic ear of bilingual individual……………………………..10 1.3. Code switching in native and foreign language processing………12 1.4. Verbal and nonverbal cues of Ukrainian and English speakers…..14

CHAPTER TWO. PECULIARITIES OF GRAMMATICAL, LEXICAL, PHONOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF UKRAINIAN ENGLISH DISCOURSE…..21
CONCLUSIONS TO CHAPTERS ………………………………………………....26 RÉSUMÉ ……………………………………………………………………………27 LIST OF REFERENCE MATERIALS ……………………………………….….....28

INTRODUCTION
English is one of the most important and spoken languages in the world. It is the native language of more than 350 million people. Undoubtedly, the popularity of the language has termed English as the international language of different spheres of human life. Understanding the importance of the English language more and more people in the world want to learn and to know English. Ukrainians also have increasing tendency to learn English language. Due to the differences of these two languages Ukrainain speakers meet considerable difficulties in the process of learning English. Many scientists explore this topic, trying to elucidate the problems which cause difficulties for Ukrainians to understand and speak English. This topic was investigated by such researchers and scientists as Arakin V.D., Goldenkov M., Romaine S., Grosjean F., Crystal D. Object – English perception and production of Ukrainian bilinguals. Subject – peculiarities of grammatical, lexical, phonological structure of Ukrainian English discourse. Aim – to highlight the difficulties of Ukrainian English perception and production. Objectives –

1. Compare Ukrainian and English articulatory basis.
2. Disclose the concept of the phonemic ear.
3. Reveal the phenomenon of code-switching.
4. Compare Ukrainian and English verbal and nonverbal cues. 5. Give the peculiarities of grammatical, lexical, phonological structure of Ukrainian English discourse. Methods –
1. Analysis and generalization of the scientific literature on English language processing. 2. Comparison, juxtaposition of the information and generalization of the research’s results.

CHAPTER 1
English speech perception

1.1. Articulatory basis of Ukrainian and English speech processing

Pronunciation is the most perceptible aspect of L2 acquisition. It is also one area where the complete ‘nativelikeness’ is almost impossible to be achieved for learners past critical age. Due to identical structure of speech organs of people of different races and nationalities all languages have sounds of identical type. (Ukrainian [н] and English [n]) But being identical typologically, the sounds are not identical articulatory. Each language has its own tendencies and models of articulation. These articulatory habits characteristic of all the native speakers of a language are called the articulation basis of the language. [14] The articulatory basis of English differs from Ukrainian: voiced consonants are less energetic, whereas voiceless consonants are much more energetic. The notion of the articulation basis of a language can be broadened if we analyze not only the articulation part in sounds production but phonation as well. The phonation habits of the native speakers of different languages may differ depending on the character of sounds, such as clicks and suction which are pronounced during inspiration, checked vowels in English which require a great force of utterance at the end of their articulation. The phonation habits may also be dependent on the amount of consonants that occur in consonantal clusters and on the character of sound transition in connected speech. The articulation basis, therefore, comprises both the articulatory and phonational habits of the native speakers of a language. The...
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