Peace: Human Rights and United Nations

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A/53/243 Fifty-Third Session
Agenda Item 31
Culture of Peace
| Culture of PeaceADeclaration on a Culture of Peace| |

The General Assembly,
Recalling the Charter of the United Nations including the purposes and principles contained therein, Recalling the constitution of the UNESCO which states that 'since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defences of peace must be constructed', Recalling also the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other relevant international instruments of the United Nations system, Recognizing that peace is not only the absence of conflict, but requires a positive, dynamic participatory process where dialogue is encouraged and conflicts are solved in a spirit of mutual understanding and cooperation, Recognizing also that the end of the cold war has widened possibilities for strengthening a culture of peace, Expressing deep concern about the persistence and proliferation of violence and conflict in various parts of the world, Recognizing further the need to eliminate all forms of discrimination and intolerance, including those based on race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status, Recalling its resolution 52/15 proclaiming the year 2000 the 'International Year for the Culture of Peace' and its resolution 53/25 proclaiming the period 2001-2010 as the 'International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World', Recognizing the important role UNESCO continues to play in the promotion of a culture of peace, 1. Solemnly proclaims this Declaration on a Culture of Peace to the end that governments, international organizations and civil society may be guided in their activity by its provisions to promote and strengthen a culture of peace in the new millennium. Article 1: A culture of peace is a set of values, attitudes, traditions and modes of behaviour and ways of life based on: * Respect for life, ending of violence and promotion and practice of non-violence through education, dialogue and cooperation; * Full respect for the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of States and non-intervention in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any State, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and international law; * Full Respect for and promotion of all human rights and fundamental freedoms; * Commitment to peaceful settlement of conflicts;

* Efforts to meet the developmental and environmental needs of present and future generations; * Respect for and promotion of the right to development;
* Respect for and promotion of equal rights of and opportunities for women and men; * Respect for and promotion of the rights of everyone to freedom of expression, opinion and information; * Adherence to the principles of freedom, justice, democracy, tolerance, solidarity, cooperation, pluralism, cultural diversity, dialogue and understanding at all levels of society and among nations; and fostered by an enabling national and international environment conducive to peace; Article 2: Progress in the fuller development of a culture of peace comes about through values, attitudes, modes of behaviour and ways of life conducive to the promotion of peace among individuals, groups and nations; Article 3: The fuller development of a culture of peace is integrally linked to: * Promoting peaceful settlement of conflicts, mutual respect and understanding and international cooperation; * Compliance with international obligations under the Charter of the United Nations and international law; * Promoting democracy, development and universal respect for and observance of all human rights and fundamental freedoms; * Enabling people at all levels to develop skills of dialogue, negotiation, consensus building and peaceful resolution of differences; *...
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