Answer :by Maiyo Julius
Peace education is a unifying and comprehensive concept that seeks to promote a holistic view of education. However, its relevance is inextricably part of and is highly dependent on contextual specificity (Bloomfield, 1986). UNESCO (2001) states that Peace Education is more effective and meaningful when adopted according to the social and cultural context and the needs of a country. It should be enriched by its cultural and spiritual values together with the universal human values. It should also be globally relevant. Given such a framework, it is hard to find a universally accepted definition. Peace Education is characterized by its many definitions: “Peace education is an attempt to respond to problems of conflict and violence on scales ranging from the global and national to the local and personal. It is about exploring ways of creating more just and sustainable futures”(Laing ,I978). “Peace education is holistic. It embraces the physical, emotional, intellectual, and social growth of children within a framework deeply rooted in traditional human values. It is based on philosophy that teaches love, compassion, trust, fairness, co-operation and reverence for the human family and all life on our beautiful planet”(Schmidt and Friedman ,1988). “Peace education is skill building. It empowers children to be creative and adopt non destructive ways to settle conflicts and to live in harmony with themselves, others, and their world . . . Peace building is the task of every human being and the challenge of the human family”( Schmidt and Friedman ,1988).
Peace Education thus can be envisage as the process of developing knowledge, skills, attitudes, behaviors and values that enable learners to: identify and understand sources of local and global issues and acquire positive and appropriate sensitivities to these problems; resolve conflicts and to attain justice in a non-violent way; live by universal...