SOUTHEAST ASIAN MUSIC
• The traditional music of the Philippines, like the folk music of our countries, reflects the life of common, mostly rural Filipinos. Like its counterparts in Asia, a lot of traditional songs from the Philippines have a strong connection with nature. However, much of it employs the diatonic scale rather than the more "Asian" pentatonic scale. • Traditional Philippine music is reflective of the country's history as a melting pot of different cultures. • A commonality is that vocal music is of significant import to every ethnic group in the country. Although there is some music intended for dance, the best-preserved form of traditional music is that intended for the voice, with chanting epic poetry as having been the earliest form and later augmented by instrumental accompaniment. • Like the culture of the country itself, traditional Philippine music is a melting pot of the country's historic past. Philippine Traditional Music is influenced by all the music with which it came into contact, so it is not surprising that it may sometimes sound as 'Chinese' as it is 'Indian' or even 'European'. • Like the people who use it, Traditional Music in the Philippines is either Western or non-Western. And while having more subdivisions, each form will surely reflect the culture of a specific group. Through its Traditional Music, one can clearly see how Filipinos have a deep reverence to God, close family ties, and pay attention to nature.
Samples of Philippine Folk Song:
ATIN CU PUNG SINGSING
Atin cu pung singsing
Metung yang timpukan
Amana que iti quing Indung ibatan
Sangkan queng sininup
Quiñg metung a caban
Me wala ya iti, ecu camalayan
Ing sucal ning lub cu
Susucdul qñg banua
Picurus cung gamat
Babo ning lamesa
Ninu mang manaquit
Quiñg singsing cung mana
Calulung pusu cu
Manguinu ya ceca
Pusok imdengam man
Agrayo ita sadiam.
Toy agayat, agruknoy ita emmam.
Itdem ta diak kalipatan
Ta nasudi unay a nagan,
Uray sadin' ti ayan,
Lugar sadino man,
Aw-awagak a di agsarday
Ta naganmo a kasam-itan
No malagipka, pusok ti mabang-aran!
• Bulungudyong - vertical flute (Pinatubo Ayta)
• Palendag - lip-valley flute (Kalinga)
• Tongali - nose flute (Kalinga)
• Tumpong - bamboo flute
• Gandingan - set of four large hanging knobbed gongs
• Kubing - jaw's harp (Maranao)
The recorder is a woodwind musical instrument of the family known as fipple flutes or internal duct flutes—whistle-like instruments which include the tin whistle. The recorder is end-blown and the mouth of the instrument is constricted by a wooden plug, known as ablock or fipple.
• Luntang - wooden beams hanging from a frame (Maguindanaon) • Gabbang - bamboo blades on a frame (Yakan, Batak, B'laan, Badjao, Taus)
• Kulintang a tiniok - eight tuned knobbed metal plates strung over a wooden frame (Maguindanaon) • Saronay - eight tuned knobbed metal plates strung over a wooden frame (Maranao)
• Dabakan - goblet drum (Maranao)
• Gandang - double-headed barrel drum (Maranao)
• Libbit - conical drum (Ifugao)
• Sulibao - conical drum (Ibaloy)
• Agung a tamlang - bamboo slit drum
• Kagul - scraper
• Buktot-an instrument made from coconut shell w/ 4 strings
In the 21st century, Pinoy rock is the most popular music form, along with some novelty and acoustic music. Bands such as Parokya ni Edgar, Rivermaya, and Sandwich have all...