Academic research essay:
How have the Arab revolutions influenced politics in North Africa, Middle East and the world?
Student: Aigerim Oryngaziyeva
The revolutions that swept the Arab world over the past two years have revealed the extreme fragility of the major Arab states. “Arab Spring” shakes the Middle East for half years. Many people believe that the key driving the force behind the revolutions are new technologies of social media. Bloody revolutionary processes taking place in the Middle East and North Africa continue to be at the center of world attention. Began in the Arab world one after the other protests that grew into an armed resistance to the government, is gradually nearing its logical conclusion - first Egypt, now Libya and, in parallel, Syria, where the situation has been extremely aggravated (Islam and the Arab revolutions,2011). When it created by Qaddafi Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, which represents people's power, all the people of Libya had social benefits and guarantees. However, that cannot be said of the neighboring Egypt (Arabs unfinished buisiness,2012). There have been achieved social guarantees, such as the high level average wages, social benefits, free education and health care. It was eradicated illiteracy among the population. There were achieved equal rights for men and women. Significantly reduced the rate of unemployment, there was no homeless. There had been provided with housing each family by government expense.The society had not got the social stratification. (16 things Libya will never see again, 2011) Rich people did not affect the state administration.All of this was created on oil money. Royalties from the sale of oil were available each family, as the entire oil and gas owned by the state. Country has been socio-economically stable and fully developed, evenly distributing oil resources among the population. But improving the economic well-being could lead to a revolutionary situation, when the people want to have more freedom, and civil rights. The country's one and the same ruling regime over a long period has led to the destruction of fear before him.The higher material standard of living, the more civil rights and freedoms want to reach people. One of the causes of the armed confrontation in Libya is the fight against clans and tribes for a greater impact in the country. As in many Arab countries, the sharing of the tribes there is a since the conquest this country Arabs. Tribe consists of multiple births or clans, united one ancestor. In the era of the Qaddafi tribal impact was weakened. However, apex tribes have been extremely unhappy with distribution of income from the oil, GDP on social programs and infrastructure. Throughout the period of the Qaddafi has seen many attempts of the military coup and assassination attempts on his life. Opponents have sought to authorities, to meet their ambitious ambition and injured vanity. If in Tunisia and Egypt the main reason for rebellion is the poverty and social problems, the Libya is the armed struggle for power under the guise of slogans to fight for freedom and democracy. Resistance of the opposition and the authorities has resulted in the civil war. The reforms have led to demand overthrow of the regime. Libyan rebels do not agree on the cooperation with authority and rejected negotiations with Qaddafi. Ordinary people had to stand on an armed struggle to protect existing state order. One of the causes of the rebellion is the destruction of a fear of the ruling regime. In the wake of the neighboring Arab States, Tunisia, Syria, Egypt Libya has become largest grouping in the past revolution. In my view, this is a feature of the Arab peoples. The ruling by one regime existed quite a long time, during which there were no meaningful political and economic reforms. This led to dissatisfaction with the existing power. I am convinced that the role of...
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