The theory is based on the idea that people are capable of solving their own problems and that it is important to work on problems the client deems important. One of the benefits of this is to empower the client in the collaborative role used in task centered work. It was meant to place itself as an action-oriented approach to provide problem solving activities occurring within a limited time frame. As it has been used in most social work disciplines and populations to date, it has been shown effective in working with minors including schools and residential facilities. On overview of the Task Centered approach begins here. The client assumes responsibility for identification of his/her problems and the prioritization of such. The goals are then agreed upon and tasks are developed in order to achieve those goals. Clients agree to work with the clinician on a time frame and in each session progress are monitored as tasks are completed. Often this approach is used with minors, including school and residential facilities. The 1980's saw this approach often used with involuntary clients; those referred by legal circumstances. Systems Theory
Systems theory covers a broad range of theoretical and methodological practices across many disciplines. Generally, systems theory is concerned with the structure of complex systems, with a special emphasis about how parts relate to each other and to the whole system. In the social sciences, this usually means understanding how individuals relate to each other and to their society as a whole, and the effect that social pressures have on individuals. Each person in a family is part of the whole system. The whole is greater than the sum of its parts. A family can be thought of as a "holon, simultaneously a whole and a part of a larger system." (Longres, 1990, p. 266) Interaction (communication) between the parts is what brings the system to life. The study of the family must begin with the relationship and interactions each member...
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