History 9, Period 7
September 29, 2009
Paul Revere’s Ride
Paul Revere was a silversmith before the Revolutionary War broke out. He was born in late December, 1734, to Apollos Rivoire and Deborah Hichborn. His father Apollos Rivoire came to Boston when he was 13, where he apprenticed under a local silversmith. He later had his name changed to Paul Revere before being married to Deborah Hichborn and had many children, one of which was the very famous Paul Revere known today. The younger Paul Revere apprenticed under his father as a silversmith and inherited his father’s shop when he died. He served for several years in the French and Indian War before the Revolution as a second lieutenant of an artillery regiment. During the 1760s, Revere became involved with the Sons of Liberty, often crafting engravings for them. In 1770, Revere married Sarah Orne and had 8 children, though only 6 children survived into adulthood. In 1773 Sarah Orne died and Revere remarried to Rachel Walker, whom he had 8 more children with, 5 surviving to adulthood. One of Revere’s most famous engravings is his depiction of the Boston Massacre in which many British soldiers slaughtered a number of civilians on March 5th, 1770. Revere’s most famous act though, was his Midnight Ride during the Revolution. On April 18, 1775, Paul Revere was given the assignment to ride from Boston to Lexington to warn John Hancock and Samuel Adams of the British Regulars on the way to confiscate the militia’s armaments and arrest Hancock and Adams. Lanterns were hung in an old church bell tower to signal to colonists in Charlestown in case both Revere and his companion, William Dawes, were captured: One lantern if by land and two lanterns if the British took the water route. On his ride to Lexington, Revere told patriots along the way, “The Regulars are coming out.” to warn them of the coming British. Revere’s assignment was later depicted in the poem...
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