Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV causes the human immune system to be altered, causing the human body to be vulnerable to infections and diseases. AIDS is a growing virus in the human race affecting men, women, and children.
In the past, white homosexual males and intravenous drug users were people who were known as targeted population for Aids. In today’s society, African Americans, Hispanics, and the Latinos population are races that are identified as a targeted population at risk for HIV or AIDS. African Americans are ranked the highest race with the blood disease. Young black men who have sex with men (MSM) are increasing rapidly, causing an increase of the blood disease in the black community. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012), “Young black MSM accounted for 45% of new HIV infections among black MSM and 55% of new HIV infections among young MSM overall” (Para 12). However, people who do not fall in these targeted race population must be educated and safe concerning sex. Anyone who is sexually active makes him or herself a target for HIV or AIDS no matter what his or her race is.
About 1.1 Americans are infected with HIV in the United States, and one in five does not know they are infected. Approximately 50,000 people become infected each year (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). MSM are at the highest risk for the blood disease, accounting for 61% of the blood disease diagnosis in 2009. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012), “White MSM represent the largest number of new HIV infections (11,400) in the United States, followed closely by black MSM (10,800) and Hispanic MSM (6,000)” (p. 3). Gay men are still the highest population targeted for the blood disease.
African Americans or Blacks are the highest population of race with the blood disease followed by Latinos. In 2009, Blacks represent 14% of the United States population, and Latinos represent 16%. Blacks accounted for 44% of all new HIV infections. Latinos accounting for 20% of all new HIV infections and 19% of people living with HIV (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012), “Injection drug users represent 9 percent of new HIV infections and 16 percent of people currently living with HIV” (p. 3). Heterosexuals are another targeted population that is affected by the virus; more than two-thirds of the women populations are infected, mainly black women (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012).
Changed Demographic on Health
Education and treatment have a huge impact on the HIV and AIDS victims. HIV and AIDS have no cure, but education help people become aware of the disease. Education teaches people how the disease is received and how to protect them selves from the disease. Treatment and medications has extended the life expectancy of the human race that has been infected with the virus. Longevity with the blood disease is changing the demography on the health care market. The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy made it possible for people with HIV infection to live longer, causing the epidemiology of HIV and AIDS to shift in several ways. People living with HIV and AIDS have risen in recent years, and there a substantial increase in common comorbidities associated with aging in this population. These changes place new emphasis on the important role of primary care in HIV and AIDS management (Valenti, 2008).
How Changes in Aids Demographic Affect Health Care
Because people with the blood disease are living longer and the demographic has increased to longer life, health care has been affected...