Pathophsiology Study Guide

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Chapter 11
What is the type of paralysis resulting from a stroke?
What are the two paralysis’ resulting from a spinal cord injury? Correct positioning is important in preventing___________.
List 3 examples of respiratory effects due to immobility.
What causes immobility?
What is an cardiovascular effect of immobility?
How can we reduce the risk of skin breakdown and ulcers?
How would immobility affect circulation?
1. What are some problems caused by immobility?
2. What are some respiratory effects by immobility?
1. What are 3 factors that promote skin breakdown?
2. What is a Hemiplegic?
1)What are some factors that promote skin breakdown? 2)When you have paralysisnin the trunk and all four limbs its called? 1) what are the effects of immobility on the body’s circulatory system? What are some secondary effects because of the effects on the circulatory system? 2) what are some ways to prevent skin breakdown due to immobility? 1. Define Hemiplegia?

2. What are some Cutaneous Effects?
1. What is the definition of Hemiplegia?
2. What type of person only has paralysis on the lower half of their body? What are the four types of immobility?
Bed sores can be caused by what?

Chapter 12
What are the 3 stages of the GAS syndrome?
What happens during each stage?
What are the three stages of General Adaptation Syndrome?
Give 3 examples of potential side effects of prolonged or severe stress. What is homeostasis?
The alarm stage of GAS (General Adaptation Syndrome) affects what? What are at least 2 major stressors that most of us suffer from on a regular basis? How can we reduce these?
1. What are some ways to cop with stress?
2. What are some effects caused by stress?
1. What are the 3 stages of stress?
2. What is a factor of stress?
1)When the body is stressed out it releases pain blocking agents called? 2)What are the three stages of the bodys response to stress? 1) what is the difference between stressors and prolonged stressors? 2) the three stages of adaption are?

a) alarm, resistance, final
b) final resistance, alarm
c) resistance, final, alarm
d) alarm final resistance
1. What is the Alarm Stage?
2. What are some stress response?
1.What are the 3 stages of GAS?
2. What are the potential effects of prolonged or severe stress? What are the stages of General Adaptation Syndrome?
What are 3 significant effects of stress response?

Chapter 13
Where do we experience perception and localization of sensation? (which lobe?) What are the 3 main forms of anesthesia?
Explain the gate- control theory of pain.
Give an example of referred pain.
What is the difference between somatic pain and visceral pain? The gate-control theory is what?
What is somatic pain?
What is an example of referred pain?
1. What are some signs and symptoms of pain?
2. What is the difference between acute pain and chronic pain? 1. What is the difference of pain tolerance and pain threshold? 2. What are signs of pain?
1)How would you descibe phantom pain? 2)Name two diffrences in acute and chronic pain? 1) what is the difference between subjective pain and perception of pain? 2) what is the difference between acute and chronic pain? What are some effects on the body with acute pain? Which is easier to treat and why? 1. What is pain?

2. What are 4 causes of Pain?
1. What is the difference between acute and chronic pain?
2. Define pain?
What is the difference between pain and sensation?
What is myelinated A fibers attributed to?

Chapter 14
The practice of using substances at regular and frequent intervals is…. Physiologic and psychological craving for a substances is….. List 3 examples of predisposing factors to substance abuse.
Cirrhosis is a potential complication of alcohol, true or false? What is it called when the body has adapted to substance, and more must be taken to achieve the same effect? What are the three source of substances?

What is 1 type of...
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