1The focus of chapter 3 deals with the formation of the Katipunan and how it was very well connected to the people's belief in the "Pasyon" and liwang ng loob. 2In truth, the Katipunan was supposedly formed to bring hope to the people and fulfill the religious belief that the Filipinos will be saved. 3Ileto, as an introduction, narrates and talks about in length, the Katipunan's history, especially when it comes to Bonifacio and Aguinaldo's fight. 4What is important though in this chapter is the goals the Katipunan tried to reach and Ileto connects this to their Christian belief in sampalataya and kalayaan. 5The Katipuneros pretty much saw Bonifacio as the light, a symbolism of Jesus, as well; just like how the Confradia saw Hermano Pule in the same way. 6Poems and songs were used as a way to transport the message the Katipunan leaders were sending to the people; most of which included religious images such as the Holy Family or more commonly, Christ's Pasyon. 7These ways were successful in gaining members for the Katipunan and for the Katipunan's purpose to be acted out 8Ileto does return to the reality of the situation as the chapter ends though, admitting to the fact that the Katipunan was hardly successful due to the rivalry between Bonifacio and Aguinaldo. 9But nonetheless, the Katipunan's goals lived and remained among the people, longer than those who crafted it.
1Bridging from chapter 3, with the end of the Katipunan, chapter 4, reveals how the Philippine Republic, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, used the "spirit" brought about by the war as inspiration to further fight for freedom. 2It was now Aguinaldo's job to revolt against the American colonizers plus international recognition was sought after. 3The Malolos government was the main leading party yet many challenges still came their way, not only from the invaders but from several Filipino revolt groups as well who did not believe in the cause the government was fighting for. 4Ileto describes...
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