The fourth and fifth chapters of Ileto’s Pasyon and Revolution start by telling us of the Aguinaldo-led revolt against the Americans and the struggle to preserve the Malolos republic. It focuses on the spirit of the people brought about by the war, which became a unifying factor of the Filipinos and also served as motivation to continue their fight for independence. This spirit was first ignited in the Katipunan, as they have been fighting for freedom since the Spanish era. Macario Sakay was responsible for the return of the Katipunan, however, Gomez finally caught up with Sakay and convinced him that their way to reaching freedom is no longer the right path. Both chapters contained quite a number of songs that not only narrated what was happening, but also gave a hint of the sentiments of the people at the time.
After reading the chapters discussed, one concept from chapter one that comes to mind is the idea of from below, referring to the people who were not given due credit, and the stories that were never heard. The story of Macario Sakay is definitely a perfect example of a history from below as I have never heard of him, and didn’t even know there was a Katipunan after Bonifiaco’s death. Kalayaan was another concept that was tackled in the two chapters, and it was associated with liwanag and awakening. The difference between kalayaan and kasarinlan was also discussed, as Aguinaldo sought kalayaan, or freedom from external control, while Bonifacio preferred kasarinlan as it is on a more personal, individual level—having your own identity. Of course, loob is given importance as well. It is described as the things one believes in, and the force in every human being that drives one to do things.
Overall, Pasyon and Revolution by Reynaldo Ileto was a breath of fresh air to me, because although it is a book on historical events, it offers different ideas from that of other books. Not only does it narrate events—like, for example, SK Tan’s The...
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