# Past Paper Breakdown Psya4

**Topics:**Statistical hypothesis testing, Null hypothesis, Statistics

**Pages:**4 (821 words)

**Published:**January 3, 2013

This section is worth 35 marks

1) Briefly outline the process a scientific researcher would go through in order to publish their research findings (3 marks)

Selection from:

• Write up

• Journal

• Peer review process – what does this involve (mention of editorial control, sending out to peers who check work for originality and quality, etc.)

A psychologist is using a new ‘learning styles’ method to investigate differences in how students in two subjects – mathematics and history – learn. At this psychologist’s university, no one does both history and mathematics. The psychologist asks participants to write a newspaper article about a particular event. The psychologist uses a content analysis to explore the ways the participants represent the information.

2) Outline what is meant by content analysis, and how the psychologist might conduct it on this data. (6 marks)

Selection from the below, for each, appropriate examples provide an additional mark • Creation of categories

• Conversion of qualitative data into quantitative data • Analysis of quantitative data

3) Identify one ethical issue in this study and explain how the psychologist might deal with it (2 marks)

Any appropriate ethical issue and solution to it

The psychologist thinks that 3 distinct categories of learner an be identified. They decide to categorise each participant into one of these categories, and to see whether or not students who study history, fall into different categories to those who study mathematics.

4) Identify an appropriate statistical test for this data and explain why it is appropriate (4 marks)

Chi-square (1 mark) because:

• The data are independent (a quote from the item may be used here) • The data is nominal

• Test for difference

A psychologist wanted to investigate whether or not online learning could improve results. Previous...

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