Course Code: BGPA101
Members: Wu Xianbo SB22481
Ruan Yishuo SB219789
Cheung U Hin SB223023
Table of Contents
Introduction P.3 Historical background i. Background P.3 ii. Political Culture of Macau P.4-5 Analysis: One-party systems, two-party systems, P.4-7 multi-party systems or no parties
Political Parties and the Party System
i. What is it? P.7-8 ii. Advantages and Disadvantages P. 9 Generation of Political Parties P.8-9 Conceptual framework: Issue, Identity, Image P.10 Case studies: Comparisons with the USA, P.10-12 Taiwan and Hong Kong
Research Analysis – Questionnaire P.12-13 Conclusion P.14-15 List of References P.16 Introduction
To start our project research, we would first like to introduce our topic which is about whether or not it is applicable for Macau to have political parties. We aim to investigate the political affiliations that affect the Macau Legislative Assembly. Along the process of the investigation, we understand that there wasn’t a clear answer for the question. However, we have summed up the information and came up with a theory of conclusion. Historical background
To start, the following is the background of the political standing of Macau. The Macau Legislative Assembly is the only legislative machine in Macau. It consists of one Chief Executive Officer, twelve assembly members from a direct election, ten from indirect election and seven members appointed by the Chief Executive (2009-2013 Mr. Fernando Chui) himself. Although the Legislative Assembly serves as a multiparty setting, the political associations of Macau compared with the role played by political parties existing in Western-type democracies or even in Hong Kong are relatively weak and are not very influential. According to the Basic Law, the Legislative Assembly of Macau is but a mere “helper of the administrative body” (行政主導的模式). Assembly members can discuss issues during meetings. However, assembly members cannot argue regarding the government budget. If the members want to introduce issues about government operation or policy, the agreement and discretion from the Chief Executive will be needed. The functional constituencies are made up of professional or special interest groups involved in the electoral process. They make up part of the political systems of Macau in legislative branch. Eligible voters in a functional constituency may include ordinary people as well as other designated legal entities such as organizations and corporations. As a result, the power of regulating government is greatly reduced. Moreover, the percentage of direct elected members is only around forty-one percent. The bargaining power of direct elected members is generally quite weak. The following is the board of members of the Legislative Assembly of Macau.
Political Culture of Macau
Starting from ancient time, Macau is a place with a high percentage of immigrants. There are currently 3,800 registered civic groups and associations (社團) that exist on behalf of the interests of politics, businesses, professionals, culture, sports (approximately 1000 associations), religion, academic, environmental awareness and social welfare. When Macau was...