Parts of Speech

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“Parts of speech” are the basic types of words that English has. It is important to be able to recognize and identify the different types of words in English, so that you can understand grammar explanations and use the right word form in the right place. Here is a brief explanation of what the parts of speech are:

A noun is a naming word. It names a person, place, thing, idea, living creature, quality, or action. Examples: cowboy, theatre, box, thought, tree, kindness, arrival Verb
A verb is a word which describes an action (doing something) or a state (being something). Examples: walk, talk, think, believe, live, like, want
An adjective is a word that describes a noun. It tells you something about the noun. Examples: big, yellow, thin, amazing, beautiful, quick, important Adverb
An adverb is a word which usually describes a verb. It tells you how something is done. It may also tell you when or where something happened. Examples: slowly, intelligently, well, yesterday, tomorrow, here, everywhere Pronoun

A pronoun is used instead of a noun, to avoid repeating the noun. Examples: I, you, he, she, it, we, they
A conjunction joins two words, phrases or sentences together. Examples: but, so, and, because, or
A preposition usually comes before a noun, pronoun or noun phrase. It joins the noun to some other part of the sentence. Examples: on, in, by, with, under, through, at
An interjection is an unusual kind of word, because it often stands alone. Interjections are words which express emotion or surprise, and they are usually followed by exclamation marks. Examples: Ouch!, Hello!, Hurray!, Oh no!, Ha!

An article is used to introduce a noun.
Examples: the, a, an

Defining a Clause
Words and phrases are the parts of language that make up clauses. Clauses are units of grammar that contain at least one predicate (verb) and a subject. A clause, therefore, contains a single verb group. A clause is different than a phrase. A clause is a group of words with a verb and a subject. A phrase does not have a verb and subject. A simple sentence contains only one clause. Here are some examples of simple sentences that are each comprised of a single clause: * Jamie cooked the dinner.

* Jennifer has been dreaming during class.
A verb group can consist of a single word (such as played, cooked, and swam) or combine multiple words (as in will excel and has been dreaming). The essential component of a clause is the verb; and a clause only contains one verb or verb group. Clause Functions

There are two main types of clauses: Independent and Dependent Independent Clauses
An independent clause could be a sentence by itself or could be combined with other clauses. Here are some examples of independent clauses (provided by Capital Community College) The independent clauses are italicized.: * Glaciers often leave behind holes in the ground.

* These holes are called kettles, and they look just like scooped-out pots. * Dependent Clauses
A dependent clause cannot be a sentence by itself. If it was by itself it would be a sentence fragment. It needs to be combined with an independent clause to be a full sentence. Here are some examples of independent clauses (provided by Capital Community College) The independent clauses are italicized and the dependent clauses are underlined.: * Kettle holes result when a large block of ice is left behind the glacier and then melts away, leaving a large depression. Importance of Clauses

By using clauses correctly you can quickly and easily improve the quality of your writing and your ability to communicate with your reader. With a clause you can direct the attention of the reader so that your sentence is understood. You will also avoid incorrectly using dependent clauses as sentence fragments.

A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it...
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