Parties in India

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Left Democratic Front is one of the two major alliances that dominate the political life of the Indian state Kerala. This front is led by Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)). Since 2006 LDF controls a majority of 99 seats (out of a total of 140 seats) in the state legislative assembly. After the 2006 Assembly Election, veteran CPI(M) leader V.S. Achuthanandan is heading the LDF government in Kerala.

Communist Party of India (Marxist)

The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (abbreviated CPI(M) or CPM) is a political party in India. It has a strong presence in the states of Kerala, West Bengal and Tripura. As of 2010, CPI(M) is leading the state governments in these three states. The party emerged out of a split from the Communist Party of India in 1964. CPI(M) claimed to have 982,155 members in 2007.[2]

History

Split in the Communist Party of India and formation of CPI(M)

CPI(M) emerged out of a division within the Communist Party of India (CPI). The undivided CPI had experienced a period of upsurge during the years following the Second World War. The CPI led armed rebellions in Telangana, Tripura and Kerala. However, it soon abandoned the strategy of armed revolution in favour of working within the parliamentary framework. In 1950 B.T. Ranadive, the CPI general secretary and a prominent representative of the radical sector inside the party, was demoted on grounds of left-adventurism.

Under the government of the Indian National Congress party of Jawaharlal Nehru, independent India developed close relations and a strategic partnership with the Soviet Union. The Soviet government consequently wished that the Indian communists moderate their criticism towards the Indian state and assume a supportive role towards the Congress governments. However, large sections of the CPI claimed that India remained a semi-feudalcountry, and that class struggle could not be put on the back-burner for the sake of guarding the interests of Soviet trade and foreign policy. Moreover, the Indian National Congress appeared to be generally hostile towards political competition. In 1959 the central government intervened to impose President's Rule in Kerala, toppling theE.M.S. Namboodiripad cabinet (the sole non-Congress state government in the country).

Leadership

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CPI(M) leaders at the 18th party congress
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Harkishan Singh Surjeet and Jyoti Basu
The current general secretary of CPI(M) is Prakash Karat. The 19th party congress of CPI(M), held in Coimbatore March 29-April 3, 2008 elected a Central Committee with 87 members. The Central Committee later elected a 15-member Politburo:

▪ Prakash Karat
▪ Sitaram Yechury
▪ S. Ramachandran Pillai
▪ Buddhadeb Bhattacharya
▪ Manik Sarkar
▪ M.K. Pandhe
▪ Biman Bose
▪ Pinarayi Vijayan
▪ K. Varadarajan
▪ B.V. Raghavulu
▪ Brinda Karat
▪ Nirupam Sen
▪ Kodiyeri Balakrishnan
▪ Mohammad Amin
The senior most member, V.S. Achuthanandan was removed from the Polit Bureau on July 12, 2009.

The 19th congress saw the departure of the last two members of the Polit Bureau who had been on the original Polit Bureau in 1964, Harkishen Singh Surjeet and Jyoti Basu.

Communist Party of India

The Communist Party of India (CPI) is a political party in India. In the Indian communist movement, there are different views on exactly when the Indian communist party was founded. The date maintained as the foundation day by CPI is 26 December 1925. But the Communist Party of India (Marxist), which split-off from the CPI, claims that the party was founded in 1920.

The Communist Party of India was founded in Tashkent, Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic on October 17, 1920, soon after the Second Congress of the Communist International. The founding members of the party were M.N. Roy, Evelina Trench Roy (Roy's wife), Abani Mukherji, Rosa Fitingof (Abani's wife), Mohammad Ali (Ahmed Hasan), Mohammad Shafiq Siddiqui and M.P.B.T....
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