Participants in Criminal and Civil Courtrooms

Topics: Law, Jury, Court Pages: 1 (353 words) Published: July 13, 2008
Participants in Criminal and Civil Courtrooms

Type of ParticipantCriminal CourtCivil CourtRemarks
JudgeThe judge is referred to as "the trier of law" he/she sits as an impartial party whose responsibility is to determine that the trial is conducted in an orderly and lawful manner. The judge resolves any disputes concerning points of law.The judge may grant a wider latutude to attorneys in their respective representation and defense of clients. The role of the judge is quite similar to that of the criminal counter part. The judge serves as the finial authority.In this case the judge has the same role. To make sure that the case is going in a smooth manner and that both parties get what they deserve. JuryReferred to as the "Trier of fact". Created with the intent to afford the accused a fair and unbiased trail by a jury of peers.The responsibilites are the same as in the criminal court. Although in some civil cases no jury is present, but the jury is there for both courts to help determine wether or not the person is guilty or not. ProsecuterRespresent the citizens of the state or commonwealth. Defence AttorneyThe DA is responsible for representing their clients to the fullest extent of their abilities or capabilities. WitnessThe role of the witness is to present first hand knowledge of facts to the jury for consideration.The responsibilities are the same as in the crinminal court. DefendantThe defendant is presumed innocent unitil proven guilty and need not offer testimony in their defense. The persons or corporate entities that are being accused of the wrong doing or injurious behavior that are referred to in civil cases.The defendant is always innocent until proven guilty. This is why there are cases to help determine this factor. PlaintiffCivil cases are initiated by individual or a corporation who have suffered some injury or wrong. AttorneysAttempt to gain a strategic advantage by gathering...
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