Partial Replacement of Cement with Marble Powder

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PARTIAL REPLACEMENT OF CEMENT WITH MARBLE POWDER
A MINI PROJECT REPORT

Submitted by;
RAHUL-M
JAMSHEED .P
MUHAMMAD SHANIL .K.P
GEO .P. JOSE
JAGADEESH .K.A
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In partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of degree of BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
AWH ENGINEERING COLLEGE
KUTTIKKATOOR

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
AWH ENGINEERING COLLEGE
CALICUT-8 KERALA
2011

CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that this report entitled “partial replacement of cement with marble powder” is a bonafide record of the mini project presented by rahul , jamsheed, shanil , geo, and jagdeesh, under our guidance towards the partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of bachelor of technology degree in civil engineering, by the university of Calicut during the year 2011.

Guide;Head of department;
Miss. DIVYA RAJAN Prof. Dr. M.R. MADHAVAN NAMBIAR LECTURER HOD, civil engineering dept; Department of civil engineering AWH ENGINEERING COLLEGE AWH ENGINEERING COLLEGE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We take this opportunity to express our sincere gratitude to Prof. Dr. M.R. MADHAVAN NAMBIAR (the Head of CIVIL engineering dept;) and Miss. DIVYA RAJAN (Our guide for the project) for their constant encouragement, valuable suggestions and inspiration, which help us to optimize this project.

We are thank full to BABU .S (staff in charge of mini project) for his kind co-operation. We also wish to express our deep thanks to Miss, ANUSHA .A (lab assistant, civil department) and all the teachers of civil engineering department for their whole hearted co-operation and moral support. Finally we convey thanks to our friends for installing us the strength and power required to fulfil any work extended to us.

ABSTRACT

Leaving the waste materials to the environment directly can cause environmental problem. Hence the reuse of waste material has been emphasized. Waste can be used to produce new products or can be used as admixtures so that natural resources are used more efficiently and the environment is protected from waste deposits. Marble stone industry generates both solid waste and stone slurry. Whereas solid waste results from the rejects at the mine sites or at the processing units, stone slurry is a semi liquid substance consisting of particles originating from the sawing and the polishing processes and water used to cool and lubricate the sawing and polishing machines. Stone slurry generated during processing corresponds to around 40% of the final product from stone industry. This is relevant because the stone industry presents an annual output of 68 million tonnes of processed products. These industrial wastes are dumped in the nearby land and the natural fertility of the soil is spoiled. Therefore the scientific and industrial community must commit towards more sustainable practices. There are several reuse and recycling solutions for this industrial by-product, both at an experimental phase and in practical applications. Keeping the above in view, cement is partially refilled with marble powder in concrete. Concrete blocks replaced with 5%, 10%, 15% & 20%. Marble powder have been prepared and compared with standard blocks of conventional cement. These blocks are then tested for properties like...
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