Running head: PAROLE AND PROBATION
Parole and Probation
University of Phoenix
Contemporary Issues in Criminal Justice
Apr 28, 2008
Parole and Probation
“A term coined by John Augustus from the Latin term”probare”- to prove, to test; the origin for the Probation came from English Law in the Middle Ages.”(A Brief History of Probation) “In 1841He persuaded Boston Police Court to release an adult drunkard into his custody rather than send him to prison- the prevalent means dealing with law violations at that time.”(Meet John Augustus, 2007) He was successful in improving the drunkards’ condition. It wasn’t a task done without controversies. Other police, court clerks and turnkeys didn’t agree with what John Augustus was doing, because this was taking away their pay. They got paid for those that were incarcerated, not the ones John Augustus took in his custody. “In 1878 Massachusetts passed the first probation statute mandating an official State Probation System with salaried officers. Other states followed suit.”(Meet John Augustus, 2007) “On July 1, 1930 the Division of Parole was established in the Executive Department.”(History of Parole in New York State) This meant that the Department of Corrections would no longer make decisions on which parolees would be released from prison. This responsibility was given to the fulltime Board of Parole that had been established by the Executive Department. “In 1917 Division of Parole was consolidated with the Department of Corrections to form the Department of Corrections Services (DOCS).”(History of Parole in New York State) “The Sentencing Reform Act of 1998 referred to as Jenna’s Law added a new dimension to the Division through the elimination of discretionary release for all violent felony offenders while mandating court imposed periods of post release supervision of 1.5 to 5 years that the offender must serve after his period of incarceration imposed by the court.”(History of the Parole...
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