Parliamentary and Presidential Systems

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|political science 1000 | |DIFFERENCES IN PARLIAMENT AND PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENT | |[Polticial Science 1000] | | | |Valentine n. Ogoke | | |

Most states in the international system select either presidential or parliamentary systems of government. What are the similarities and difference of these approaches? Are there strengths and weakness that can be identified? Why are some states more likely to choose presidential, as opposed to parliamentary, systems of government?

Valentine Ogoke

Political Science 1000

INTRODUCTION

A nation’s choice of government defines how the nation’s executive, legislative and judicial branches are to be arranged. All nation –state require some sort of government to avoid lawlessness. Democratic governments are those that allow citizens of nations equal say in how their government are manages either directly or through elected representatives. Two of the most popular types of democratic governments are presidential and parliamentary systems. These two forms of government are completely different from authoritative types of government that stop or limit the direct participation of citizens. Yet which form of government organization is the best, what are their distinct features, what are their pros and cons, and is one form of government better than the other? Which make it the number one choice for many emerging nations? Many political scholars believe that one form of government has better features that emerging nations will favor.

The following sections of this essay are divided into four separate parts. The first part outlines the characteristics of the parliamentary systems of government. How power is shared between two executives prime minister, president or monarch in the United Kingdom’s case. The second part explains how power is shared between the legislature, judicial and executive powers in a presidential systems of government. The third part gives light to the many advantages and disadvantages of having a parliamentary style of government, such as unqualified individuals holding ministerial position, and the inherent problems of being a head of government. The fourth part discusses the many strengths of a presidential system of government such as political stability and the many weaknesses of having a presidential style of government, such as the president not having to answer to the legislature

Parliamentary and presidential systems have many attributes that make them truly a unique form of governance. A parliament style of government is a rigid political party system that is in tight control of the executive and legislative branches of government. The origins of parliamentary style of government dates back to the 17 and 18th century Britain whereby the first parliamentary style of government was first started in the house of Westminster. The Westminster style of parliamentary governance had two separate parts the House of Common and the House of Lords. Those that represent the House of Common were elected by the public, while those that represent the House of Lords were either appointed or elected by various methods. These methods differed from the ones used to elect those in the House of...
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