UNVERSITY OF DAR ES SALAAM
SCHOOL OF EDUCATION
COURSE CORD: EP 609
COURSE TITLE: CAREER AND OCCUPATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY COURSE LECTURER: DR.M.W. MBOYA
NAME OF STUDENT: KABALOLE, AMOS .Bagandanshwa REG:NO. 2012-06-01017 TASK: INDIVIDUAL PRENSENTATON TOPIC: OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS (Psychological hazards)
Psychological hazards s a working condition that can leads to illness, injury or death. Is any condition of job, at job place that can result in illness or injury. OR Is a risk that is peculiar to a particular type of employment or workplace that arises as a natural incidence of such employment Hazard is any situation, condition or things that may be dangerous to the safety or health of the workers. The working environment and the nature of work itself are both important on health. The employers are responsible for conducting an overall hazard assessment in the workplace. However, all workers should be able to recognize and identify hazard in the workplaces on an ongoing basis. Psychological hazards are threats that affect the mental wellbeing or mental health of the worker and may sometime results into physical effects by overwhelming the individuals’ coping mechanisms and impacting the workers’ ability to work in a health and safe manner. These hazards are not from physical things that you can see, but rather, many of these hazards comes as a results of interaction with others. Sometimes, psychological hazards are the things that causes a worker mental distress or distraction. (Lower concentration) TYPES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARDS AT WORKPLACE As they are shown and explained above, sometimes these are referred as causes of psychological hazards. These are:
(1) VIOLENCE (Workplace violence)
Workplace violence is particularly dangerous to the health of the worker in working place. They occur as a result of personality conflicts between co-workers or between staff and supervisor. Sometimes it leads to injury. Workplace violence can also be as a result of personal problems and negative behavior. For example, relationship problems at home, financial or legal problems can create emotional problems at work. As a result, these problems can leads to an employee/worker bringing weapons to work and endangering at workplace. (2) STRESS (Stressful working environment)
The term stress refers to physical, mental or emotional strain or tension. A stressful working environment contributes to mental distress and distraction. These can be sometimes as a results of lack of organizational procedures, lax procedures, unreasonable workplace requirements and poor leadership where by all these leads to stress for employee Stress sometimes leads to mistakes and mistakes leads to crisis situation. Stress can be solved or reduced by organizing workplace procedures and quality control. A reduction of stress to the workers can improve their morale and reduce the likelihood of violence, bullying and harassment.
Burnout is a fatigue state or a frustration state which results from too much work and stress. The psychological sign of burnout includes anxiety, worry, guilt, anger and frustration, depression, confusion, troubled sleep, feeling or being overwhelmed and other emotional condition. A worker affected by burnout can be identified through overreaction to small things, frequent tiredness, minor accidents and errors, evident drug and alcohol use and difficulty communication and relation with co-workers So, personal use of stress management tools such as relaxation skills exercise and rearrangement of unrealistic goals are necessary for individuals experiencing burnout as a result of burnout condition. (4) FATIGUE...
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