Parenting Practices

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Working Title for Nursing Students and Parent/Child of the UCC Nursing Curriculum Cherrie Acosta, Efren Bayongan jr. Jeremy Manzano, Blesie Mayo, Lane Segundo Union Christian College

Abstract

Working Title for Nursing Students and Parent/Child of the UCC Nursing Curriculum The Parent/Child subject is an elective subject in the current curriculum of Union Christian College. It teaches students what family is, the different family types, developmental stages of people, and guidelines for raising children. Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. Erikson believed that much of life is preparing for the middle adulthood stage and the last stage involves much reflection. As older adults, some can look back with a feeling of integrity — that is, contentment and fulfillment, having led a meaningful life and valuable contribution to society. In the toddler / early childhood years, 18 Months to 3 Years, the child has an opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as he or she learns new skills and right from wrong. The well-cared for child is sure of himself, carrying himself or herself with pride rather than shame. During this time of the “terrible twos”, defiance, temper tantrums, and stubbornness can also appear. Children tend to be vulnerable during this stage, sometimes feeling shame and low self-esteem during an inability to learn certain skills. (Erikson, E.H.,1968) Kohlberg, a follower of Piaget, has offered a new, more detailed stage sequence for moral thinking. Whereas Piaget basically found two stages of moral thinking, the second of which emerges in early adolescence, Kohlberg has uncovered additional stages which develop well into adolescence and adulthood with the first stage, children think of what is right as that which authority says is right. Doing the right thing is obeying authority and avoiding punishment. (Crain,...
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