Danielle Sedoris
November 11, 2009
Ecology – Friday
Parasitic Crab Lab
Background:
Mellita quinquiesperforata, commonly known as the sand dollar, is a familiar urchin on Florida coastlines. The species is flat and disk shaped that nestles into shallow sandy waters to protect itself from waves and predators. Dissodactylus mellitae is a parasitic crab that feeds on the spines of the hosting sand dollar where it remains its entire life. This study was arranged to observe the distribution patterns of crabs on various sizes of sand dollars. We hypothesized that the larger sand dollars would host more crabs because of the extended surface area available. We also predicted that the presence of adult sized crabs would limit the number of total crabs on the hosting sand dollar because of the larger size and resource demand leading to intraspecific competition among the crabs. Intraspecific competition occurs when members of the same species compete over limited resources considered vital for survival. These resources can be food, space, light, mates, anything necessary for the survival and reproduction of the individual. In our study the factors of interest are space and food.

Methods:
We began our study by surveying Ft. DeSoto’s East beach for sand dollars and their parasites. In order to avoid duplicate data collection we began 100m offshore and worked our way bacl towards the shore placing all collected samples behind us after recording the data. For each sand dollar collected, we measured its diameter and counted the number of adult and juvenile crabs present on it. Adult crabs were considered to have a width of 2mm or more and juvenile crabs were considered anything below that. We surveyed the area until approximately 100 sand dollars were collected before returning to analyze the data.

Results:
Our results showed that there is no strong correlation between the size of sand dollars and the number of crabs present. When analyzing graph 1 I noticed that...

...The SandDollar
Splash!! Of course it’s me being picked up by every human and throwing me as far away out as possible. It gets me very angry and annoyed because the humans don’t treat me with enough respect as some other organisms living here. Humans don’t look at me as a living creature and I have the same systems and some of the same body parts as them but I’m just a lot smaller in size. They get angry at me for trying to get away using my spines to move along the sand. People who pick me up don’t even attempt to look at me and just think I’m not even a living creature. Everyday humans in general throw me around like I am a toy but I have qualities they have also but don’t realize. I always ask myself “Why can’t I be one of those things left on the sand and not get thrown around with?” I wake up every day down and feeling miserable because I am so overlooked its misfortunate.
There are constant questions about why I’m always overlooked. I think I am amazing and have great things to show forth towards humans. Are we to “boring” or “not as interesting” to study or at least look at? I mean everything on Earth has a unique thing to it and humans don’t understand that about us especially. We have a type of plant as our design which I think is very cool but it doesn’t seem to attract anyone besides me. Is it because we don’t have a circulatory, respiratory, and excretory system that we have no information...

...
Distribution & Pricing
Dartaine Phifer
BA181 Foundations of Marketing
Instructor: Bell, Faith
A manager’s job is never ending, if you want to be successful in this business. Denny McKnight stated, “We think of best practices as doing all the right things with the right tools and getting the right results” (Harps, Best Practices in Todays Distribution). One of the marketing plans, distribution plays a key role to how products are exposed, stored and delivered, another key factor is the price of the products. Satisfying the customer making a product available either using direct or indirect means makes the difference when it comes to profit. Managing a restaurant, finding new ideas to expand this business as a whole, but more of a trademark, a name to be known by anyone and everyone. Distribution is very important, even for a small family own restaurant, choosing the best method can determine the success or failure of the business. Selling our own salsa homemade allows us to save or spending and gaining more in profits. Networking with companies and partnering with stores for shipping of products used to make the salsa since we started to grow our own vegetables to stay fresh. Buying another freezer storage to store our very own product right here at the restaurant. We choose not to buy or use a warehouse, only if we expanded and went stateside into selling the salsa, we decide to stay local. We contracted...

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SALES AND DISTRIBUTION MANAGEMENT ASSIGNMENT
MORGAN & BOSS OFFICE EQUIPMENT DIVISION
SUBMITTED BY
ANGANA (F13005)
ASHISH CHANDY (F13015)
CHRISTINA IMMACULATE (F13021)
DHANYA ANN ROY (F13025)
IMMANUEL SOLOMON (F13031)
PRIYADARSHINI (F13047)
RENITA (F13051)
1. What were the major problems that were affecting the relationship between the company and the distributors?
Though the Office Equipment Division had a strong and committed distributor network Morgan imposed numerous conditions on the distributor’s operations. Initially since being Morgan’s dealer was considered an honour they agreed to all its conditions but later the dealers were pressurised on many terms which were the main reasons of friction between the dealers and the company. The following were some of the problems that existed between Morgan and its distributors.
Morgan assigned the dealers specific territories and by policy cross-selling was not allowed. They were also not allowed to distribute any other brand of similar products
Officially dealers were not...

...company can identify the different ideas and opinions of the intermediaries. Further, company is also able to take information about the competitors’ strategies. It has been identified that, without communication company cannot be able to influence the customers to buy the products (Kotler, Shalowitz & Stevens, 2011). Prices of the scooter are also high, which needs aggressive marketing in order to generate awareness among the customers. Communication is also helpful in providing every type of information to the customers about the functions of scooters. On the other hand, communication is sometimes ineffective, if the executive do not have to skills to influence the intermediaries. Improper communication channel creates disturbance in the distribution programming model.
Effective Work Teams: Organization has to develop the effective work teams in order give tough competition to the rivalry firms. In addition to this, these work teams will distribute the products to the intermediaries, so that these products will reach to the final customers. Dealerships have strong loyalty to the competitors’ products (Swaim, 2011). Therefore, these effective work teams will identify the strategies of competitors and make healthy relationships with intermediaries. This strategy provides one advantage to the company that cohesive work teams will develop some innovative ideas to produce the scooter at low cost with high fuel efficiency. On the other hand, effective work...

...Our company production of various types of equipments for whole set of sand-making production line, and provides superior technical support for customers. The whole sand-making production line consists of vibrating feeder, jaw crusher, sand-making machine, vibrating screen, belt conveyor, electric control system, etc. We designed the production line has 30 tons to 800 tons. The whole design is simple and convenient, For customers to save time, money and space.
VSI sand making machine is the lasted product of authoritative experts form Germany, connecting with quarry, mining present working conditions, It's the high-efficiency sand making equipment with advanced world levels in our country. This crusher is widely used to crush various rocks, grinding materials, refractory, clinker, quartz, iron ore, concrete aggregate, etc. VSI series of Sand Making Machine is most suitable to make construction sand.
The raw material is transferred to jaw crusher for primary crushing by vibrating feeder, then the crushed materials are transferred to sand-making machine through belt conveyor for secondary crushing. The materials crushed will be transferred to the vibrating screen. The materials with suitable size will be transferred to sand washing machine, after being washed, then clean final products will be discharged. The others with unsuitable size will be...

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Parasitic Drag/Skin Friction
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Parasitic drag is drag caused by moving a solid object through a fluid medium (in the case of aerodynamics, more specifically, a gaseous medium). Parasitic drag is made up of many components, the most prominent being form drag.Skin friction and interference drag are also major components of parasitic drag.
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In aviation, induced drag tends to be greater at lower speeds because a high angle of attack is required to maintain lift, creating more drag. However, as speed increases the induced drag becomes much less, but parasitic drag increases because the fluid is flowing faster around protruding objects increasing friction or drag. At even higher transonic andsupersonic speeds, wave drag enters the picture. Each of these forms of drag changes in proportion to the others based on speed. The combined overall drag curve therefore shows a minimum at some airspeed - an aircraft flying at this speed will be at or close to its optimal efficiency. Pilots will use this speed to maximize the gliding range in case of an engine failure. However, to maximize the gliding endurance, the aircraft's speed would have to be at the point of minimum power, which occurs at lower speeds...

...NORMAL DISTRIBUTION
1. Find the
distribution:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
following probabilities, the random variable Z has standard normal
P (0< Z < 1.43)
P (0.11 < Z < 1.98)
P (-0.39 < Z < 1.22)
P (Z < 0.92)
P (Z > -1.78)
P (Z < -2.08)
2. Determine the areas under the standard normal curve between –z and +z:
♦ z = 0.5
♦ z = 2.0
Find the two values of z in standard normal distribution so that:
P(-z < Z < +z) = 0.84
3. At a university, the average height of 500 students of a course is 1.70 m; the standard
deviation is 0.05 m. Find the probability that the height of a randomly selected student is:
1. Below 1.75 m
2. Between 1.68 m and 1.78 m
3. Above 1.60 m
4. Below 1.65m
5. Above 1.8 m
4. Suppose that IQ index follows the normal distribution with µ = 100 and the standard
deviation σ = 16. Miss. Chi has the IQ index of 120. Find the percentage of people who
have the IQ index below that of Miss. Chi.
5. The length of steel beams made by the Smokers City Steel Company is normally
distributed with µ = 25.1 feet and σ = 0.25 feet.
a. What is the probability that a steel beam will be less than 24.8 feet long?
b. What is the probability that a steel beam will be more than 25.25 feet
long?
c. What is the probability that a steel beam will be between 24.9 and 25.7
feet long?
d. What is the probability that a steel beam will be between 24.6 and 24.9
feet long?
e. For a particular application, any beam less than 25 feet long must be...

...Statistics:
• Science of gathering, analyzing, interpreting, and presenting data
• Measurement taken on a sample
• Type of distribution being used to analyze data
Descriptive statistics:
Using data gathered on a group to describe or reach conclusions about that same group only. Descriptive statistics are the tabular, graphical, and numerical methods used to summarize data.
Collect, organize, summarize, display, analyze
Eg: According to Consumer Reports, General Electric washing machine owners reported 9 problems per 100 machines during 2002. The statistic 9 describes the number of problems out of every 100 machines.
Inferential statistics:
Using sample data to reach conclusions about the population from which the sample was taken. Statistical inference is the process of using data obtained from a small group of elements (the sample) to make estimates and test hypotheses about the characteristics of a larger group of elements (the population).
Predict/forecast, make estimates about population behavior based on sample, , test hypothesis, make decisions
Eg 1: TV networks constantly monitor the popularity of their programs by hiring Nielsen and other organizations to sample the preferences of TV viewers.
Eg 2: The accounting department of a large firm will select a sample of the invoices to check for accuracy for all the invoices of the company.
Data:
Data are the facts and figures that are collected, summarized, analyzed, and...