Paraphrasing is the method or process of restating an author’s idea in your own words to make the ideas suitable to your style of writing. The paraphrase should be clearer, simpler but not shorter than the original. Furthermore, it should not misrepresent nor duplicate the sentence pattern of the original. Why is paraphrasing needed in research?
A text is paraphrased for the following reasons:
1. The words used by the author are not suitable for your intended audience (e.g. jargons); and 2. the author’s writing style does not blend with your writing style.
What are the important rules of paraphrasing?
1. Refrain from paraphrasing one sentence at a time. Read the whole passage for you to grasp the meaning before you restate it in your own words. 2. Make sure you do more than simply change key words. Recast ideas in your own words. Explain:
1. Word by word paraphrasing
The writer’s or researchers’ ability to articulate what the author really aims to establish is not clearly explained. Note, that the ideas, syntax, logical organization, and text fluidity (bold) are a direct copy of the original text. Maybe due to laziness or inability o some up with a plausible understanding of the idea, the writer/ researcher of the written version boldly yet inexpertly came up with such an outright plagiarized output. 2. Patchwork Plagiarism
A considerable number of entries (bold) are directly lifted from the original text to complete this nearly word-for-word “patchwork” paraphrase version of the writer/researcher. Sentence inversions are also apparent and word substitutions pervade. Furthermore, specifically determining who owns the idea found in two other sentences cannot be done as this version seems to suggest that the ideas are the writer’s already are not the author’s. The text hence, is not a scholarly work but simply an attempt to largely incorporate the author’s original thoughts into the way the writer/ researchers...