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Paraonid Personality Disorder

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Paraonid Personality Disorder

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Paranoid Personality Disorder is a mental disorder characterized by paranoia and a pervasive, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others. Paranoid Personality Disorder is listed in the DSM-III-R and was included in all previous versions of the DSM. One of the earliest descriptions of the Paranoid Personality Disorder comes from a French psychiatrist named Magnan who described a “fragile personality” that showed idiocrastic thinking, hypochondria, undue sensitivity, referential thinking, and suspiciousness (Triebwassser, 2013).

A psychologist named Theodore Millon has proposed five subtypes of Paranoid Personality Disorder. The first is called “Obturate” and is characterized by compulsive features. Patients who fall under this category are often stubborn and unyielding; they are always right, and everyone else must acknowledge that fact or acknowledge the consequences. They are often self-righteous and delight the following rigid rules with zealous fervor. They are highly confident and are usually offended when anyone expresses a contrary opinion. Frantic Paranoids exhibit narcissistic features and greatly overestimate their own importance. They may be pretentious and condescending, seeking to avoid consideration of their own flaws by making grandiose claims and talking about ridiculous fantasies. Their delusions are easily challenged, and their fantasies are coping mechanisms (Falkum, 2009). Querulous Paranoids manifest negative features and are often aggressively argumentative. They find fault with everyone and everything and are constantly complaining and snapping at others. They are resentful and jealous of everything around them and can be sullen and sulky. Insular Paranoids are avoidant, isolating themselves from an untrustworthy world. They are self-sufficient and constantly vigilant, always believing that numerous threats and dangers are lurking just around the corner. They are...