Gathering Ideas: Before you start writing a paragraph, you must gather ideas. Once you select the topic and determine the purpose of the paragraph, you are ready to generate ideas. By generating ideas, you can then select the ones you will use in your paragraph. There are some pre-writing activities that you should try before writing a paragraph or essay. These are writing talk, free-writing, brainstorming, clustering, and outlining. Writing talk: Think about your topic and say it out loud to yourself. This is a brain exercise which helps inspire you. Talk freely about the topic and write down ideas on a paper. These ideas will generally create interest in the reader.
Free-writing: This is very good to let your hand and brain go by writing about the topic for about 10 minutes without stopping. Don’t worry about grammar, spelling, punctuation or organization. Once you finish this activity, your writing will have a mixture of good ideas and other ideas that you don't even know why are there. Don’t worry, that is the purpose. This way you can go back, read what you wrote and select what you will include in your paragraph.
Brainstorming: This is a thinking exercise which also helps a lot in generating ideas. You just think about your topic and list all the ideas that come to your mind in no specific order. Don’t write complete sentences or worry about any kind of mistakes. You will do this later when you decide which ideas you will use in your draft. Clustering: This activity is more organized because you will think with the help of a diagram. As in all of the other activities, you don’t worry about grammar, spelling or correct use of words. The purpose of this activity is to narrow a broad subject into a more manageable topic.
Writing is a process. As any other process, it can be developed, learned and mastered. As a process, it involves steps; if you follow them you can become a successful writer. It is also important to know your punctuation, capitalization and spelling rules and have the necessary vocabulary and grammar skills to develop your thoughts in writing. Anyone can write because we are alive, we have past experiences, and we have people around us who provide us with their experiences. All we need is the desire to write about all the things we have in our minds.
If you follow these steps, it will be much easier to write.
Select a topic (what/who you will write about)
Brainstorm about the topic to see which ideas come to your mind.
Free-writing, write without stopping
Use clustering to help you think about the topic.
Select the ideas you want to include in the paragraph.
List the ideas in order.
Make an outline
Write a topic sentence (paragraph) or thesis statement (essay). (idea about the topic)
Write the supporting evidence needed to prove your topic sentence.
Write the closing sentence to give closure to your message.
Revise your paragraph for organization.
Edit your paragraph for spelling, use of proper grammar, capitalization, and punctuation.
Write the final draft.
Write a title; give it a name.
Revising your paragraph
When you revise your paragraph or essay, you check the organization of ideas. You should ask yourself how you have organized your paragraph(s). There are basic guidelines that you should follow:
1. Revise after you have written your first rough draft. (borrador) 2. When you finish writing the first rough draft, take a few minutes for a break. This will allow you to look back at what you wrote with a fresh mind. 3. Be sure that you have written the paragraph double or triple spaced, so you have space for corrections or changes. 4. Once you start reading what you wrote, underline your topic sentence. This...
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