JANUARY 2011 SEMESTER
ACADEMIC WRITING RESEARCH PAPER
PROCRASTINATION AMONG UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI PERTONAS STUDENTS
ERICQUELY LACIUS YUSOK14564
MUHAMMAD HAIRI MURSALIM14545
KHAIRIL AZRI BIN AZLAN14468
ABDUL RAHIM BIN MD. SAAD14493
Chapter 1 : Introduction
Procrastination has affected almost everyone to one degree or another. It involves knowing that a task must be performed, yet purposely delaying the activity and failing to motivate oneself to carry out the task within the desired time frame. According to Wikipedia (2011), procrastination refers to the act of replacing high-priority actions with tasks of low-priority, and thus putting off important tasks to a later time. The word procrastination comes from the Latin word procrastinatus, which is the past participle of procrastinare derived from pro- (forward) and crastinus (of tomorrow), (Wikipedia). Academic procrastination is always linked with academic performance. Several studies find that academic procrastination is negatively related to academic performance. However, other studies report that procrastinators perform as well as non-procrastinators on their exams and grades. For many individuals, procrastination is a long term habit and seemingly unavoidable personality behavior. Procrastination is not limited or attributed to any specific personality type and is a widespread social problem, with an estimated 15-20% of the American adult population and an estimated 80-90% of college students being self-confessed problematic procrastinators, (SecondsofEternity). This means that everyone either students or working people have procrastination behavior and it is depends on that person how to control procrastinating and how he or she manages his or her time. According to Wikipedia (2011), there two type of procrastinators. The first one is the relaxed type. The relaxed type of procrastinators views their responsibilities negatively and avoids them by directing energy into other tasks. It is common, for example, for relaxed type procrastinating children to abandon schoolwork but not their social lives. Students often see projects as a whole rather than breaking them into smaller parts. This type of procrastination is a form of denial or cover-up; therefore, typically no help is being sought. Furthermore, they are also unable to defer gratification. The procrastinator avoids situations that would cause displeasure, indulging instead in more enjoyable activities. They may not appear to be worried about work and deadlines, but this is simply an evasion of the work that needs to be completed. The second type of procrastinators is the tense-afraid type. The tense-afraid type of procrastinators usually feel overwhelmed with pressure, unrealistic about time, uncertain about goals, and many other negative feelings. They may feel a sense of malaise. Feeling that they lack the ability or focus to successfully complete their work, they tell themselves that they need to unwind and relax, that it's better to take it easy for the afternoon, for example, and start afresh in the morning. They usually have grandiose plans that are not realistic. Their 'relaxing' is often temporary and ineffective, and leads to even more stress as time runs out, deadlines approach and the person feels increasingly guilty and apprehensive. This behavior becomes a cycle of failure and delay, as plans and goals are put off, penciled into the following day or week in the diary again and again. It can also have a debilitating effect on their personal lives and relationships. Since they are uncertain about their goals, they often feel awkward with people who appear confident and goal-oriented, which can lead to depression. Tense-afraid procrastinators often withdraw from social life, avoiding contact even with close friends.
1.2 Objectives of research
These are the objectives of this...